Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF

Archive for History of Exact Sciences

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Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1960 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


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Contents of Archive for history of exact sciences

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Download Contents of Archive for history of exact sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1980 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF

Archive for History of Exact Sciences

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Pages : 462 pages
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Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1974 with total page 462 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF

Archive for History of Exact Sciences

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Pages : 19 pages
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Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1985 with total page 19 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF

Archive for History of Exact Sciences

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Pages : 11 pages
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Download Archive for History of Exact Sciences PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1980 with total page 11 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download A History of Inverse Probability PDF

A History of Inverse Probability

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13 : 1441986529
Pages : 671 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (986 downloads)

Download A History of Inverse Probability PDF Format Full Free by Andrew I. Dale and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-09-08 with total page 671 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a history of the use of Bayes theoremfrom its discovery by Thomas Bayes to the rise of the statistical competitors in the first part of the twentieth century. The book focuses particularly on the development of one of the fundamental aspects of Bayesian statistics, and in this new edition readers will find new sections on contributors to the theory. In addition, this edition includes amplified discussion of relevant work.


Download Fitting Linear Relationships PDF

Fitting Linear Relationships

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13 : 146120545X
Pages : 271 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (25 downloads)

Download Fitting Linear Relationships PDF Format Full Free by R.W. Farebrother and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 271 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book describes the development of statistics, which for more than a century was called "the calculus of observations." The approach will help readers gain a clearer understanding of the historical development as well as the essential nature of some of the commonly used statistical estimation procedures. Detailed descriptions of the fitting of linear relationships by the method of least squares and the closely related least absolute deviations and minimax absolute deviations procedures are presented, along with some of the important work by Laplace, Gauss, and Adrain.


Download The Pendulum PDF

The Pendulum

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13 : 9781402035258
Pages : 542 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (42 downloads)

Download The Pendulum PDF Format Full Free by Michael R. Matthews and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2005-10-13 with total page 542 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The pendulum is a universal topic in primary and secondary schools, but its full potential for learning about physics, the nature of science, and the relationships between science, mathematics, technology, society and culture is seldom realised. Contributions to this 32-chapter anthology deal with the science, history, methodology and pedagogy of pendulum motion. There is ample material for the richer and more cross-disciplinary treatment of the pendulum from elementary school to high school, and through to advanced university classes. Scientists will value the studies on the physics of the pendulum; historians will appreciate the detailed treatment of Galileo, Huygens, Newton and Foucault’s pendulum investigations; psychologists and educators will learn from the papers on Piaget; teachers will welcome the many contributions to pendulum pedagogy. All readers will come away with a new awareness of the importance of the pendulum in the foundation and development of modern science; and for its centrality in so many facets of society and culture.


Download A History of the Central Limit Theorem PDF

A History of the Central Limit Theorem

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13 : 0387878572
Pages : 402 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (878 downloads)

Download A History of the Central Limit Theorem PDF Format Full Free by Hans Fischer and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2010-10-08 with total page 402 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study discusses the history of the central limit theorem and related probabilistic limit theorems from about 1810 through 1950. In this context the book also describes the historical development of analytical probability theory and its tools, such as characteristic functions or moments. The central limit theorem was originally deduced by Laplace as a statement about approximations for the distributions of sums of independent random variables within the framework of classical probability, which focused upon specific problems and applications. Making this theorem an autonomous mathematical object was very important for the development of modern probability theory.


Download A History of Analysis PDF

A History of Analysis

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Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
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ISBN 13 : 9780821890509
Pages : 422 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (821 downloads)

Download A History of Analysis PDF Format Full Free by Hans Niels Jahnke and published by American Mathematical Soc.. This book was released on with total page 422 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Statistics on the Table PDF

Statistics on the Table

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN 13 : 0674267613
Pages : 504 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (267 downloads)

Download Statistics on the Table PDF Format Full Free by Stephen M. Stigler and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2002-09-30 with total page 504 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This lively collection of essays examines in witty detail the history of some of the concepts involved in bringing statistical argument "to the table," and some of the pitfalls that have been encountered. The topics range from seventeenth-century medicine and the circulation of blood, to the cause of the Great Depression and the effect of the California gold discoveries of 1848 upon price levels, to the determinations of the shape of the Earth and the speed of light, to the meter of Virgil's poetry and the prediction of the Second Coming of Christ. The title essay tells how the statistician Karl Pearson came to issue the challenge to put "statistics on the table" to the economists Marshall, Keynes, and Pigou in 1911. The 1911 dispute involved the effect of parental alcoholism upon children, but the challenge is general and timeless: important arguments require evidence, and quantitative evidence requires statistical evaluation. Some essays examine deep and subtle statistical ideas such as the aggregation and regression paradoxes; others tell of the origin of the Average Man and the evaluation of fingerprints as a forerunner of the use of DNA in forensic science. Several of the essays are entirely nontechnical; all examine statistical ideas with an ironic eye for their essence and what their history can tell us about current disputes.


Download The History of Statistics PDF

The History of Statistics

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN 13 : 0674256859
Pages : 432 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (256 downloads)

Download The History of Statistics PDF Format Full Free by Stephen M. Stigler and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 1990-03-01 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This magnificent book is the first comprehensive history of statistics from its beginnings around 1700 to its emergence as a distinct and mature discipline around 1900. Stephen M. Stigler shows how statistics arose from the interplay of mathematical concepts and the needs of several applied sciences including astronomy, geodesy, experimental psychology, genetics, and sociology. He addresses many intriguing questions: How did scientists learn to combine measurements made under different conditions? And how were they led to use probability theory to measure the accuracy of the result? Why were statistical methods used successfully in astronomy long before they began to play a significant role in the social sciences? How could the introduction of least squares predate the discovery of regression by more than eighty years? On what grounds can the major works of men such as Bernoulli, De Moivre, Bayes, Quetelet, and Lexis be considered partial failures, while those of Laplace, Galton, Edgeworth, Pearson, and Yule are counted as successes? How did Galton’s probability machine (the quincunx) provide him with the key to the major advance of the last half of the nineteenth century? Stigler’s emphasis is upon how, when, and where the methods of probability theory were developed for measuring uncertainty in experimental and observational science, for reducing uncertainty, and as a conceptual framework for quantitative studies in the social sciences. He describes with care the scientific context in which the different methods evolved and identifies the problems (conceptual or mathematical) that retarded the growth of mathematical statistics and the conceptual developments that permitted major breakthroughs. Statisticians, historians of science, and social and behavioral scientists will gain from this book a deeper understanding of the use of statistical methods and a better grasp of the promise and limitations of such techniques. The product of ten years of research, The History of Statistics will appeal to all who are interested in the humanistic study of science.


Download Kant and the Exact Sciences PDF

Kant and the Exact Sciences

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN 13 : 9780674500358
Pages : 357 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (674 downloads)

Download Kant and the Exact Sciences PDF Format Full Free by Michael Friedman and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 1992 with total page 357 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Kant sought throughout his life to provide a philosophy adequate to the sciences of his time--especially Euclidean geometry and Newtonian physics. In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost importance in understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest beginnings in the thesis of 1747, through the Critique of Pure Reason, to his last unpublished writings in the Opus postumum. Previous commentators on Kant have typically minimized these efforts because the sciences in question have since been outmoded. Friedman argues that, on the contrary, Kant's philosophy is shaped by extraordinarily deep insight into the foundations of the exact sciences as he found them, and that this represents one of the greatest strengths of his philosophy. Friedman examines Kant's engagement with geometry, arithmetic and algebra, the foundations of mechanics, and the law of gravitation in Part One. He then devotes Part Two to the Opus postumum, showing how Kant's need to come to terms with developments in the physics of heat and in chemistry formed a primary motive for his projected Transition from the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science to Physics. Kant and the Exact Sciences is a book of high scholarly achievement, argued with impressive power. It represents a great advance in our understanding of Kant's philosophy of science.


Download Classical Probability in the Enlightenment PDF

Classical Probability in the Enlightenment

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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN 13 : 1400844223
Pages : 451 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (844 downloads)

Download Classical Probability in the Enlightenment PDF Format Full Free by Lorraine Daston and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2021-05-11 with total page 451 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What did it mean to be reasonable in the Age of Reason? Classical probabilists from Jakob Bernouli through Pierre Simon Laplace intended their theory as an answer to this question--as "nothing more at bottom than good sense reduced to a calculus," in Laplace's words. In terms that can be easily grasped by nonmathematicians, Lorraine Daston demonstrates how this view profoundly shaped the internal development of probability theory and defined its applications.


Download From Alexandria, Through Baghdad PDF

From Alexandria, Through Baghdad

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13 : 3642367364
Pages : 583 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (367 downloads)

Download From Alexandria, Through Baghdad PDF Format Full Free by Nathan Sidoli and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-10-30 with total page 583 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book honors the career of historian of mathematics J.L. Berggren, his scholarship, and service to the broader community. The first part, of value to scholars, graduate students, and interested readers, is a survey of scholarship in the mathematical sciences in ancient Greece and medieval Islam. It consists of six articles (three by Berggren himself) covering research from the middle of the 20th century to the present. The remainder of the book contains studies by eminent scholars of the ancient and medieval mathematical sciences. They serve both as examples of the breadth of current approaches and topics, and as tributes to Berggren's interests by his friends and colleagues.


Download “The main Business of natural Philosophy” PDF

“The main Business of natural Philosophy”

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 13 : 9789400721265
Pages : 354 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (4 downloads)

Download “The main Business of natural Philosophy” PDF Format Full Free by Steffen Ducheyne and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2011-10-20 with total page 354 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this monograph, Steffen Ducheyne provides a historically detailed and systematically rich explication of Newton’s methodology. Throughout the pages of this book, it will be shown that Newton developed a complex natural-philosophical methodology which encompasses procedures to minimize inductive risk during the process of theory formation and which, thereby, surpasses a standard hypothetico-deductive methodological setting. Accordingly, it will be highlighted that the so-called ‘Newtonian Revolution’ was not restricted to the empirical and theoretical dimensions of science, but applied equally to the methodological dimension of science. Furthermore, it will be documented that Newton’s methodology was far from static and that it developed alongside with his scientific work. Attention will be paid not only to the successes of Newton’s innovative methodology, but equally to its tensions and limitations. Based on a thorough study of Newton’s extant manuscripts, this monograph will address and contextualize, inter alia, Newton’s causal realism, his views on action at a distance and space and time, the status of efficient causation in the /Principia/, the different phases of his methodology, his treatment of force and the constituents of the physico-mathematical models in the context of Book I of the /Principia/, the analytic part of the argument for universal gravitation, the meaning and significance of his regulae philosophandi, the methodological differences between his mechanical and optical work, and, finally, the interplay between Newton’s theology and his natural philosophy.


Download Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics PDF

Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 13 : 1119127939
Pages : 776 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (127 downloads)

Download Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics PDF Format Full Free by Prakash Gorroochurn and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2016-03-29 with total page 776 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "There is nothing like it on the market...no others are as encyclopedic...the writing is exemplary: simple, direct, and competent." —George W. Cobb, Professor Emeritus of Mathematics and Statistics, Mount Holyoke College Written in a direct and clear manner, Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics: From Laplace to More Recent Times presents a comprehensive guide to the history of mathematical statistics and details the major results and crucial developments over a 200-year period. Presented in chronological order, the book features an account of the classical and modern works that are essential to understanding the applications of mathematical statistics. Divided into three parts, the book begins with extensive coverage of the probabilistic works of Laplace, who laid much of the foundations of later developments in statistical theory. Subsequently, the second part introduces 20th century statistical developments including work from Karl Pearson, Student, Fisher, and Neyman. Lastly, the author addresses post-Fisherian developments. Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics: From Laplace to More Recent Times also features: A detailed account of Galton's discovery of regression and correlation as well as the subsequent development of Karl Pearson's X2 and Student's t A comprehensive treatment of the permeating influence of Fisher in all aspects of modern statistics beginning with his work in 1912 Significant coverage of Neyman–Pearson theory, which includes a discussion of the differences to Fisher’s works Discussions on key historical developments as well as the various disagreements, contrasting information, and alternative theories in the history of modern mathematical statistics in an effort to provide a thorough historical treatment Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics: From Laplace to More Recent Times is an excellent reference for academicians with a mathematical background who are teaching or studying the history or philosophical controversies of mathematics and statistics. The book is also a useful guide for readers with a general interest in statistical inference.