Download Ecology of North America PDF

Ecology of North America

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 111897154X
Pages : 346 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (971 downloads)

Download Ecology of North America PDF Format Full Free by Brian R. Chapman and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-08-31 with total page 346 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: North America contains an incredibly diverse array of natural environments, each supporting unique systems of plant and animal life. These systems, the largest of which are biomes, form intricate webs of life that have taken millennia to evolve. This richly illustrated book introduces readers to this extraordinary array of natural communities and their subtle biological and geological interactions. Completely revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this successful text takes a qualitative, intuitive approach to the subject, beginning with an overview of essential ecological terms and concepts, such as competitive exclusion, taxa, niches, and succession. It then goes on to describe the major biomes and communities that characterize the rich biota of the continent, starting with the Tundra and continuing with Boreal Forest, Deciduous Forest, Grasslands, Deserts, Montane Forests, and Temperature Rain Forest, among others. Coastal environments, including the Laguna Madre, seagrasses, Chesapeake Bay, and barrier islands appear in a new chapter. Additionally, the book covers many unique features such as pitcher plant bogs, muskeg, the polar ice cap, the cloud forests of Mexico, and the LaBrea tar pits. “Infoboxes” have been added; these include biographies of historical figures who provided significant contributions to the development of ecology, unique circumstances such as frogs and insects that survive freezing, and conservation issues such as those concerning puffins and island foxes. Throughout the text, ecological concepts are worked into the text; these include biogeography, competitive exclusion, succession, soil formation, and the mechanics of natural selection. Ecology of North America 2e is an ideal first text for students interested in natural resources, environmental science, and biology, and it is a useful and attractive addition to the library of anyone interested in understanding and protecting the natural environment.


Download Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes PDF

Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes

Author :
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0520955196
Pages : 480 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (955 downloads)

Download Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes PDF Format Full Free by Stephen T. Ross Ph. D. and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 2013-06-01 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The North American freshwater fish fauna is the most diverse and thoroughly researched temperate fish fauna in the world. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes is the only textbook to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers with an up-to-date and integrated view of the ecological and evolutionary concepts, principles, and processes involved in the formation and maintenance of this fauna. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes provides readers with a broad understanding of why specific species and assemblages occur in particular places. Additionally, the text explores how individuals and species interact with each other and with their environments, how such interactions have been altered by anthropogenic impacts, and the relative success of efforts to restore damaged ecosystems. This book is designed for use in courses related to aquatic and fish ecology, fish biology, ichthyology, and related advanced ecology and conservation courses, and is divided into five sections for ease of use. Chapter summaries, supplemental reading lists, online sources, extensive figures, and color photography are included to guide readers through the material and facilitate student learning. Part 1: Faunal origins, evolution, and diversity Presents a broad picture—both spatially and temporally—of the derivation of the fauna, including global and regional geological and climatological processes and their effects on North American fishes. Part 2: Formation, maintenance, and persistence of local populations and assemblages Focuses on how local fish populations and assemblages are formed and how they persist, or not, through time. Part 3: Form and function Deals with the relationship of body form and life history patterns as they are related to ecological functions. Part 4: Interactions among individuals and species Discusses the numerous interactions among individuals and species through communication, competition, predation, mutualism, and facilitation. Part 5: Issues in conservation Focuses on several primary conservation issues such as flow alterations and the increasing biotic homogenization of faunas.


Download Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants PDF

Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants

Author :
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3642592120
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (592 downloads)

Download Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants PDF Format Full Free by Stanley D. Smith and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Following a description of the physical and biological characterization of the four North American deserts together with the primary adaptations of plants to environmental stress, the authors go on to present case studies of key species. They provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the major patterns of adaptation in desert plants, with one chapter devoted to several important exotic plants that have invaded these deserts. The whole is rounded off with a synthesis of the resource requirements of desert plants and how they may respond to global climate change.


Download Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities PDF

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities

Author :
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 9400948301
Pages : 351 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (948 downloads)

Download Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities PDF Format Full Free by Brain F. Chabot and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 351 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although, as W.D. Billings notes in his chapter in this book. the development of physiological ecology can be traced back to the very beginnings of the study of ecology it is clear that the modern development of this field in North America is due in the large part to the efforts of Billings alone. The foundation that Billings laid in the late 1950s came from his own studies on deserts and subsequently arctic and alpine plants, and also from his enormous success in instilling enthusiasm for the field in the numerous students attracted to the plant ecology program at Duke University. Billings' own studies provided the model for subsequent work in this field. Physiological techniques. normally confined to the laboratory. were brought into the field to examine processes under natural environmental conditions. These field studies were accompanied by experiments under controlled conditions where the relative impact of various factors could be assessed and further where genetic as opposed to environmental influences could be separated. This blending of field and laboratory approaches promoted the design of experiments which were of direct relevance to understanding the distribution and abundance of plants in nature. Physiological mechanisms were studied and assessed in the context of the functioning of plants under natural conditions rather than as an end in itself.


Download Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers PDF

Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers

Author :
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0128132639
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (132 downloads)

Download Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers PDF Format Full Free by Susan N. Sincerbox and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2017-11-15 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers compiles research on vertebrate scavenging behavior from numerous academic fields, including ecology and forensic anthropology. Scavenging behavior can displace remains from their depositional context, confound postmortem interval estimation, destroy osteological markers, and inflict damage that mimics or disguises perimortem trauma. Consequently, the actions of vertebrate scavengers can significantly impact the medicolegal investigation of human remains. It is therefore critical when interpreting a death scene and its associated evidence that scavenging be recognized and the possible effects of scavenging behavior considered. This book is an ideal reference for both students and medicolegal professionals, serving as a field manual for the identification of common scavenging species known to modify human remains in North America. In addition, this book presents a framework to guide investigators in optimizing their approach to scavenged cases, promoting more complete recovery of human remains and the accuracy of forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events. Examines scavenging behavior through an evolutionary and ecological lens, integrating research from diverse fields. Includes brief summaries of the taphonomic signatures and ecological contexts of common or well-studied North American scavenging taxa Proposes strategies to maximize the recovery of vertebrate-scavenged human remains and improve forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events


Download Ecology of North America PDF

Ecology of North America

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1118971566
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (971 downloads)

Download Ecology of North America PDF Format Full Free by Brian R. Chapman and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-04-09 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: North America contains an incredibly diverse array of naturalenvironments, each supporting unique systems of plant and animallife. These systems, the largest of which are biomes, formintricate webs of life that have taken millennia to evolve. Thisrichly illustrated book introduces readers to this extraordinaryarray of natural communities and their subtle biological andgeological interactions. Completely revised and updated throughout, the second edition ofthis successful text takes a qualitative, intuitive approach to thesubject, beginning with an overview of essential ecological termsand concepts, such as competitive exclusion, taxa, niches, andsuccession. It then goes on to describe the major biomes andcommunities that characterize the rich biota of the continent,starting with the Tundra and continuing with Boreal Forest,Deciduous Forest, Grasslands, Deserts, Montane Forests, andTemperature Rain Forest, among others. Coastal environments,including the Laguna Madre, seagrasses, Chesapeake Bay, and barrierislands appear in a new chapter. Additionally, the book covers manyunique features such as pitcher plant bogs, muskeg, the polar icecap, the cloud forests of Mexico, and the LaBrea tar pits.“Infoboxes” have been added; these include biographiesof historical figures who provided significant contributions to thedevelopment of ecology, unique circumstances such as frogs andinsects that survive freezing, and conservation issues such asthose concerning puffins and island foxes. Throughout the text,ecological concepts are worked into the text; these includebiogeography, competitive exclusion, succession, soil formation,and the mechanics of natural selection. Ecology of North America 2e is an ideal first text forstudents interested in natural resources, environmental science,and biology, and it is a useful and attractive addition to thelibrary of anyone interested in understanding and protecting thenatural environment.


Download Ecological Regions of North America PDF

Ecological Regions of North America

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 13 :
Pages : 71 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Ecological Regions of North America PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1997 with total page 71 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume represents a first attempt at holistically classifying and mapping ecological regions across all three countries of the North American continent. A common analytical methodology is used to examine North American ecology at multiple scales, from large continental ecosystems to subdivisions of these that correlate more detailed physical and biological settings with human activities on two levels of successively smaller units. The volume begins with an overview of North America from an ecological perspective, concepts of ecological regionalization. This is followed by descriptions of the 15 broad ecological regions, including information on physical and biological setting and human activities. The final section presents case studies in applications of the ecological characterization methodology to environmental issues. The appendix includes a list of common and scientific names of selected species characteristic of the ecological regions.


Download Holocene Human Ecology in Northeastern North America PDF

Holocene Human Ecology in Northeastern North America

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1489923764
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (923 downloads)

Download Holocene Human Ecology in Northeastern North America PDF Format Full Free by George P. Nicholas and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-06-29 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Students of human behavior have always been interested in the relationship between human populations and their environment. Decades of research not only have illuminated the backdrop against which culture is viewed, but have identi fied many of the conditions that influence or promote technological develop ment, social transformation, and economic reorganization. It has become in creaSingly evident, however, that if we are to explore more forcefully the linkages between culture and environment, a processual orientation is required. This is found in human ecology-the study of the relationship between people and the ecosystem of which they are a part. This book is a collection of papers about the recent and distant past by scientists and humanists involved in the study of human ecology in northeastern North America. The authors critically examine the systemic interface between people and their environment first by identifying the indicators of that rela tionship (e.g., historical documentation, archaeological site patterning, faunal remains), then by defining the processes by which change in one part of the ecosystem affects other parts (e.g., by conSidering how an ecotonal gradient affects biotic communities over time), and finally by explicating the behavioral implications thereof.


Download Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests PDF

Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 9780471161585
Pages : 628 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (471 downloads)

Download Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests PDF Format Full Free by James S. Fralish and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2002-02-08 with total page 628 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Thorough, detailed dendrological coverage of North American trees, shrubs, and vines This comprehensive field guide/procedural handbook provides extraordinarily detailed descriptions of trees, shrubs, and vines of North American forests. Written at a more detailed level than most field guides, it introduces basic taxonomic concepts and methods and explains the rationale behind taxonomic classification systems. Entries include Latin and common names for each species as well as physical descriptions at various levels of maturity and for different seasons. Also noted are regional and state distributions, soil conditions, cover types, shade tolerances, and common diseases and pests. This remarkably thorough and reliable reference includes: * Detailed descriptions of more than 800 species * Hundreds of additional varieties and cultivars * 550 exquisitely detailed line drawings of leaves, bark, fruit, and seeds * Broad coverage of commercial and noncommercial species * An emphasis on the silvical features of each species * A unique section on forest community ecology and cover types * The new North American Classification System Well-organized and practical, this authoritative guide is an immensely useful resource for foresters, wildlife and field biologists, naturalists, environmental scientists, and land managers.


Download Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii PDF

Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii

Author :
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1461249880
Pages : 321 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (249 downloads)

Download Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii PDF Format Full Free by Harold A. Mooney and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 321 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The diversity of the earth's climates superimposed upon a complex configuration of physical features has provided the conditions for the evolution of a remarkable array of living things which are linked together into complex ecosystems. The kinds of organisms comprising the ecosystems of the world, and the nature of their interactions, have constantly changed through time due to coevolutionary interactions along with the effects of a continually changing physical environ ment. In recent evolutionary time there has been a dramatic and ever-accelerating rate of change in the configuration of these ecosystems because of the increasing influence of human beings. These changes range from subtle modifications caused by anthropogenically induced alterations in atmospheric properties to the total destruction of ecosystems. Many of these modifications have provided the fuel, food, and fiber which have allowed the expansion of human populations. Unfortunately, there have been many unanticipated changes which accompanied these modifications which have had effects detrimental to human welfare in cluding substantial changes in water and air quality. For example, the use of high-sulfur coal to produce energy in parts of North America is altering the properties of freshwater lakes and forests because of acidification.


Download Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America PDF

Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America

Author :
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 9781566700535
Pages : 260 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (566 downloads)

Download Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America PDF Format Full Free by Paul F. Hendrix and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 1995-02-22 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: It is generally recognized that where earthworms are abundant they can exert significant influence on the structure and function of soils. Compared to other biogeographic regions of Earth, however, surprisingly little is known about the earthworm fauna of the western hemisphere and their role in soil processes. This book is the first comprehensive review and analysis of the state of understanding of earthworm biogeography and ecology in North America. Topics of in-depth discussion include earthworm systematics, biogeography and ecology, influences on soil structure and ecosystem nutrient dynamics, and implications for ecosystem management. Each chapter provides a general review and statement of current understanding, an assessment of current research problems, recent developments and advances, and priorities for future research and applications. This book is a must for researchers and students studying the soil-related facets of terrestrial ecology.


Download Ecology and Management of Blackbirds (Icteridae) in North America PDF

Ecology and Management of Blackbirds (Icteridae) in North America

Author :
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1498799647
Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (799 downloads)

Download Ecology and Management of Blackbirds (Icteridae) in North America PDF Format Full Free by George M. Linz and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2017-09-19 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the edited book category The various species of new world blackbirds, often intermingled in large foraging flocks and nighttime roosts, collectively number in the hundreds of millions and are a dominant component of the natural and agricultural avifauna in North America today. Because of their abundance, conspicuous flocking behavior, and feeding habits, these species have often been in conflict with human endeavors. The pioneering publications on blackbirds were by F. E. L. Beal in 1900 and A. A. Allen in 1914. These seminal treatises laid the foundation for more than 1,000 descriptive and experimental studies on the life histories of blackbirds as well as their ecology and management in relation to agricultural damage and other conflicts such as caused by large winter roosting congregations. The wealth of information generated in over a century of research is found in disparate outlets that include government reports, conference proceedings, peer-reviewed journals, monographs, and books. For the first time, Ecology and Management of Blackbirds (Icteridae) in North America summarizes and synthesizes this vast body of information on the biology and life histories of blackbirds and their conflicts with humans into a single volume for researchers, wildlife managers, agriculturists, disease biologists, ornithologists, policy makers, and the public. The book reviews the life histories of red-winged blackbirds, yellow-headed blackbirds, common grackles, and brown-headed cowbirds. It provides in-depth coverage of the functional roles of blackbirds in natural and agricultural ecosystems. In doing so, this authoritative reference promotes the development of improved science-based, integrated management strategies to address conflicts when resolutions are needed.


Download Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks PDF

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks

Author :
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1482248980
Pages : 610 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (248 downloads)

Download Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks PDF Format Full Free by Jean-Pierre L. Savard and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2015-04-13 with total page 610 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The past decade has seen a huge increase in the interest and attention directed toward sea ducks, the Mergini tribe. This has been inspired, in large part, by the conservation concerns associated with numerical declines in several sea duck species and populations, as well as a growing appreciation for their interesting ecological attributes. Reflecting the considerable research recently conducted on this tribe, Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks examines the 15 extant species of sea ducks from North America. Chapters are organized conceptually to focus on, compare, and contrast the ecological attributes of the tribe. Experts provide in-depth treatments of a range of topics, including: Population dynamics and genetics Infectious diseases and parasites Breeding costs and cross-seasonal affects Contaminant burdens Foraging behavior and energetics Migration strategies, molt ecology, and habitat affinities and dynamics Breeding systems and reproductive behavior Harvest history The book presents a comprehensive synthesis of sea duck ecology, documents factors that have caused population declines of some species, and provides managers with measures to enhance recovery of depressed populations of sea ducks in North America. Capturing the current state of knowledge of this unique tribe, it provides a benchmark for where we are in conservation efforts and suggests future directions for researchers, managers, students, conservationists, and avian enthusiasts.


Download Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates PDF

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

Author :
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0080889816
Pages : 1021 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (889 downloads)

Download Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates PDF Format Full Free by James H. Thorp and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2009-11-12 with total page 1021 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Third Edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This edition is in color for the first time and includes greatly expanded classification of many phyla. Contains extensive and detailed classification keys for identification of diverse freshwater invertebrates. Many drawings and color photographs of freshwater invertebrates. Single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.


Download Ecology and Management of North American Savannas PDF

Ecology and Management of North American Savannas

Author :
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 9780816516247
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (816 downloads)

Download Ecology and Management of North American Savannas PDF Format Full Free by Guy Randall McPherson and published by University of Arizona Press. This book was released on 1997 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Savannas are ecosytems with a continuous grass layer and scattered trees or shrubs. These lands occupy nearly a third of the earthÕs land surface and are an important resource not only in world economies but also as repositories of biodiversity. Because savannas are generally thought of as tropical ecosystems, most reviews of the literature have tended to disregard savannas found in temperate zones. Yet these ecosystems are both extensive and diverse in North America, ranging from longleaf pine habitats along the Atlantic coastal plain to xeric pi–on-juniper communities of the Great Basin-ecosystems seemingly disparate, yet similar enough to merit study as savannas. This book provides an overview of the patterns and processes shared by these ecosystems and offers substantive ideas regarding future management and research efforts. It describes the composition geographic distribution, climate, soils, and uses of savannas throughout North America, summarizing and integrating a wide array of literature. While discussing these ecological patterns and processes. McPherson develops a framework for implementing management practices and safeguarding the future of these important wildland ecosystems. Ecology and Management of North American Savannas takes a major step toward establishing the science of savanna ecology for North America. It encourages constructive debate and relevant research on these important systems and will also serve as a useful resource in biogeography, plant ecology, and rangeland management.


Download North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation PDF

North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation

Author :
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 2889661180
Pages : 422 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (661 downloads)

Download North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation PDF Format Full Free by Jay E. Diffendorfer and published by Frontiers Media SA. This book was released on 2020-10-23 with total page 422 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.


Download Ecology and Behaviour of North American Black Bears PDF

Ecology and Behaviour of North American Black Bears

Author :
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 9780412788307
Pages : 236 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (412 downloads)

Download Ecology and Behaviour of North American Black Bears PDF Format Full Free by Roger A. Powell and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 1997 with total page 236 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What main factors affect mammalian home range size and dynamics? To what extent do constraints on home range characteristics vary between the sexes? This book aims to address these issues by concentrating the authors' expertise and experience in studies of home ranges in general and focusing on their studies of black bears of the Pisgah Forest, North Carolina, in particular. The authors provide an overview of the black bears and methods for their study before discussing concepts of home range, developing predictive habitat quality models, addressing influences of food production on social organization and exploring the mating behaviour of male bears.