Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sea Otters and Polar Bears PDF

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sea Otters and Polar Bears

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030667960
Pages : 363 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (667 downloads)

Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sea Otters and Polar Bears PDF Format Full Free by Randall W. Davis and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on with total page 363 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Sea otters and polar bears are carnivorous marine mammals that still resemble their terrestrial ancestors. Compared with Cetacea (whales and dolphins), Sirenia (dugongs and manatees), and Pinnipedia (seals, sea lions, and walrus), they are less adapted for an aquatic life and the most recently evolved among marine mammals. Sea otters are amphibious but seldom come ashore, and polar bears primarily occur on sea ice or along the shore. When at sea, both species spend most of their time swimming at the surface or making short, shallow dives when foraging or pursuing prey. Indeed, polar bears rarely pursue seals in water. Nevertheless, polar bears are powerful swimmers and will stalk seals from the water. As with many other large carnivores, they are solitary hunters. Although sea otters are gregarious and form aggregations at sea called rafts, they are primarily asocial. Except during mating, the principal interaction among sea otters occurs between a female and offspring during the six-month dependency period. In large carnivores (e.g., wolves and lions) that feed on ungulates, sociality and cooperation are favored because of the need to capture large prey and defend carcasses. Polar bears, which are the largest terrestrial carnivore, are solitary hunters of seals and are neither gregarious nor social. Males and females briefly associate during courtship and mating. During this time, males aggressively compete for females. At other times, males generally avoid each other except for aggregations of males that form while summering on land, and females with cubs avoid males, which are known for infanticide. As with sea otters, the interaction of polar bears outside of mating occurs between a female and her offspring during the 2-3 year dependency period. This interaction is critically important when altricial cubs are born in the winter den. This book provides new insight into the ethology and behavioral ecology of sea otters and polar bears. Each chapter reviews the discoveries of previous studies and integrates recent research using new techniques and technology. The authors also address historic and current anthropogenic challenges for their survival as climate change alters entire marine ecosystems.


Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sirenia PDF

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sirenia

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030907422
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (97 downloads)

Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sirenia PDF Format Full Free by Helene Marsh and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Otariids and the Odobenid PDF

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Otariids and the Odobenid

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030591840
Pages : 672 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (591 downloads)

Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Otariids and the Odobenid PDF Format Full Free by Claudio Campagna and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-06-02 with total page 672 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is focused on the marine mammalian groups the Otariidae and the Odobenidae, otherwise known as fur seals, sea lions and the walrus. In 30 chapters, more than 60 authors from 30 institutions and 13 nationalities, discuss a broad suite of topics from maternal care and mating behavior, through play, cognition and personality, to adaptation to life in the Anthropocene. The authors explore the behaviors that have allowed these semi-aquatic mammals to thrive in the marine realm. Many populations have recovered following historical decimation, with interesting evolutionary consequences which are explored. Detailed, selected, individual species descriptions are also provided, showcasing the behavioral diversity of this engaging, adaptive and highly successful group of marine mammals.


Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Mysticetes PDF

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Mysticetes

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030984494
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (984 downloads)

Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Mysticetes PDF Format Full Free by Christopher W. Clark and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Phocids PDF

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Phocids

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030889238
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (889 downloads)

Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Phocids PDF Format Full Free by Daniel P. Costa and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Odontocetes PDF

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Odontocetes

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 13 : 3030166635
Pages : 504 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (166 downloads)

Download Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Odontocetes PDF Format Full Free by Bernd Würsig and published by Springer. This book was released on 2019-08-02 with total page 504 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book concentrates on the marine mammalian group of Odontocetes, the toothed whales, dolphins, and porpoises. In 23 chapters, a total of 40 authors describe general patterns of ethological concepts of odontocetes in their natural environments, with a strong bent towards behavioral ecology. Examples are given of particularly well-studied species and species groups for which enough data exist, especially from the past 15 years. The aim is to give a modern flavor of present knowledge of ethology and behavior of generally large-brained behaviorally flexible mammals that have evolved quite separately from social mammals on land. As well, the plight of populations and species due to humans is described in multiple chapters, with the goal that an understanding of behavior can help to solve or alleviate at least some human-made problems.


Download Marine Mammals: the Evolving Human Factor PDF

Marine Mammals: the Evolving Human Factor

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030981002
Pages : 465 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (981 downloads)

Download Marine Mammals: the Evolving Human Factor PDF Format Full Free by Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2022-06-08 with total page 465 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The seventh volume in the series “Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Marine Mammals” describes aspects of the often-complex relationship between humans and marine mammals. From a primeval condition of occasional predators, during the last century humans have become a major factor negatively affecting the status of most marine mammals through over-hunting, habitat encroachment and environmental degradation. This has led to the extirpation of many marine mammal populations and even to the extinction of species. However, in parallel to this destructive drive, since antiquity humanity has been influenced by a strong fascination for marine mammals, which contributes today to an increased human appreciation of the natural world admixed with widespread concern for its degrading condition. The special status occupied by marine mammals in human imagination and affection stands in stark contrast with the current predicament of many populations still threatened by the doings of Homo sapiens: a condition emblematic of the relationship of humanity with nature, and key to understanding where humanity is heading.


Download Handbook of Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience PDF

Handbook of Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 13 : 0470890592
Pages : 768 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (89 downloads)

Download Handbook of Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience PDF Format Full Free by Irving B. Weiner and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2012-10-16 with total page 768 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.


Download Marine Mammal Biology PDF

Marine Mammal Biology

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 13 : 1444311336
Pages : 448 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (311 downloads)

Download Marine Mammal Biology PDF Format Full Free by A. Rus Hoelzel and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2009-04-01 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a general introduction to the biology of marine mammals, and an overview of the adaptations that have permitted mammals to succeed in the marine environment. Each chapter, written by experts in their field, will provide an up-to-date review and present the major discoveries and innovations in the field. Important technical advances such as satellite telemetry and time-depth-recorders will be described in boxes.


Download Diving Physiology of Marine Mammals and Seabirds PDF

Diving Physiology of Marine Mammals and Seabirds

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Publisher :
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ISBN 13 : 0521765552
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (765 downloads)

Download Diving Physiology of Marine Mammals and Seabirds PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download The New Visual Neurosciences PDF

The New Visual Neurosciences

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Publisher : MIT Press
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ISBN 13 : 0262019167
Pages : 1696 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (19 downloads)

Download The New Visual Neurosciences PDF Format Full Free by John S. Werner and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2013-10-25 with total page 1696 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A comprehensive review of contemporary research in the vision sciences, reflecting the rapid advances of recent years. Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to all other areas. This essential reference to contemporary visual neuroscience covers the extraordinary range of the field today, from molecules and cell assemblies to systems and therapies. It provides a state-of-the art companion to the earlier book The Visual Neurosciences (MIT Press, 2003). This volume covers the dramatic advances made in the last decade, offering new topics, new authors, and new chapters. The New Visual Neurosciences assembles groundbreaking research, written by international authorities. Many of the 112 chapters treat seminal topics not included in the earlier book. These new topics include retinal feature detection; cortical connectomics; new approaches to mid-level vision and spatiotemporal perception; the latest understanding of how multimodal integration contributes to visual perception; new theoretical work on the role of neural oscillations in information processing; and new molecular and genetic techniques for understanding visual system development. An entirely new section covers invertebrate vision, reflecting the importance of this research in understanding fundamental principles of visual processing. Another new section treats translational visual neuroscience, covering recent progress in novel treatment modalities for optic nerve disorders, macular degeneration, and retinal cell replacement. The New Visual Neurosciences is an indispensable reference for students, teachers, researchers, clinicians, and anyone interested in contemporary neuroscience. Associate Editors Marie Burns, Joy Geng, Mark Goldman, James Handa, Andrew Ishida, George R. Mangun, Kimberley McAllister, Bruno Olshausen, Gregg Recanzone, Mandyam Srinivasan, W.Martin Usrey, Michael Webster, David Whitney Sections Retinal Mechanisms and Processes Organization of Visual Pathways Subcortical Processing Processing in Primary Visual Cortex Brightness and Color Pattern, Surface, and Shape Objects and Scenes Time, Motion, and Depth Eye Movements Cortical Mechanisms of Attention, Cognition, and Multimodal Integration Invertebrate Vision Theoretical Perspectives Molecular and Developmental Processes Translational Visual Neuroscience


Download Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals PDF

Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

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Publisher : Academic Press
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ISBN 13 : 9780080919935
Pages : 1352 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (8 downloads)

Download Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals PDF Format Full Free by William F. Perrin and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2009-02-26 with total page 1352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This thorough revision of the classic Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals brings this authoritative book right up-to-date. Articles describe every species in detail, based on the very latest taxonomy, and a host of biological, ecological and sociological aspects relating to marine mammals. The latest information on the biology, ecology, anatomy, behavior and interactions with man is provided by a cast of expert authors – all presented in such detail and clarity to support both marine mammal specialists and the serious naturalist. Fully referenced throughout and with a fresh selection of the best color photographs available, the long-awaited second edition remains at the forefront as the go-to reference on marine mammals. More than 20% NEW MATERIAL includes articles on Climate Change, Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Sociobiology, Habitat Use, Feeding Morphology and more Over 260 articles on the individual species with topics ranging from anatomy and behavior, to conservation, exploitation and the impact of global climate change on marine mammals New color illustrations show every species and document topical articles FROM THE FIRST EDITION “This book is so good...a bargain, full of riches...packed with fascinating up to date information. I recommend it unreservedly it to individuals, students, and researchers, as well as libraries." --Richard M. Laws, MARINE MAMMALS SCIENCE "...establishes a solid and satisfying foundation for current study and future exploration" --Ronald J. Shusterman, SCIENCE


Download Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains PDF

Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains

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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
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ISBN 13 : 9780226094342
Pages : 478 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (226 downloads)

Download Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains PDF Format Full Free by Tim Caro and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 1994-08-15 with total page 478 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains is the most comprehensive account of carnivore social behavior to date. Synthesizing more than a decade of research in the wild, this book offers a detailed account of the behavior and ecology of cheetahs. Compared with other large cats, and other mammals, cheetahs have an unusual breeding system; whereas lions live in prides and tigers are solitary, some cheetahs live in groups while others live by themselves. Tim Caro explores group and solitary living among cheetahs and discovers that the causes of social behavior vary dramatically, even within a single species. Why do cheetah cubs stay with their mother for a full year after weaning? Why do adolescents remain in groups? Why do adult males live in permanent associations with each other? Why do adult females live alone? Through observations on the costs and benefits of group living, Caro offers new insight into the complex behavior of this extraordinary species. For example, contrary to common belief about cooperative hunting in large carnivores, he shows that neither adolescents nor adult males benefit from hunting in groups. With many surprising findings, and through comparisons with other cat species, Caro enriches our understanding of the evolution of social behavior and offers new perspectives on conservation efforts to save this charismatic and endangered carnivore.


Download Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution PDF

Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution

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Publisher : Cornell University Press
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ISBN 13 : 1501745816
Pages : 624 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (745 downloads)

Download Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution PDF Format Full Free by John L. Gittleman and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2019-05-15 with total page 624 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The mammalian order Carnivora is characterized by an incredible range of morphological, ecological, and behavioral variation. Carnivores can be as small as the 100-gram least weasel or as large as the 800-kilogram polar bear. Their reproductive rate can vary from one offspring every five years, as with some black bears, to three litters a year, as with the dwarf mongoose. Group sizes can be traced along a wide continuum, from the solitary ermine to the monogamous golden jackal to the large extended packs of as many as 80 spotted hyenas. Until recently the general habits of most wild carnivore species were inadequately understood. In the last decade, however, improved technologies, including the use of radiotelemetry and night-vision scopes, have led to many important discoveries. This book is at once a critical summary and an evaluation of current research on carnivores. A worthy successor to R.F. Ewer's monumental volume, The Carnivores (Cornell University Press), it is the work of 30 leading carnivore biologists, who here assemble comparative data on the basic anatomical, behavioral, ecological, physiological, reproductive, and evolutionary characteristics of this group. After a general introduction to the Carnivora, the volume is divided in three parts, each of which begins with a brief introduction outlining its main themes. Part I, Behavior, covers acoustic and olfactory communication, behavioral development, behavioral ecology of canids and hyaenids, modes of solitary living, and group living. In Part II, Ecology, topics include feeding ecology of the giant panda and Asiatic black bear, adatpations for aquatic living, ecological constraints on predation in felids, consequences of small size in mustelids, rate of basal metabolism and food habits, and reproductive output. Part III, Evolution, deals with the morphological approaches to phylogeny, and the fossil record. An appendix presents a complete classification of the Carnivora, including topics of continuing controversy. Highlighting recent developments in the study of the Carnivora and areas for further research, this broad synthesis will be of great value of students and researchers in animal behavior, behavioral ecology, wildlife ecology, mammalogy, paleontology, systematics, and evolution theory. It will also encourage realistic conservation programs to manage rapidly diminishing populations and will elucidate particular features of the carnivores for nonspecialist readers.


Download Marine Mammals PDF

Marine Mammals

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Publisher : Elsevier
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ISBN 13 : 0080489346
Pages : 560 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (489 downloads)

Download Marine Mammals PDF Format Full Free by Annalisa Berta and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2005-12-14 with total page 560 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Berta and Sumich have succeeded yet again in creating superior marine reading! This book is a succinct yet comprehensive text devoted to the systematics, evolution, morphology, ecology, physiology, and behavior of marine mammals. The first edition, considered the leading text in the field, is required reading for all marine biologists concerned with marine mammals. Revisions include updates of citations, expansion of nearly every chapter and full color photographs. This title continues the tradition by fully expanding and updating nearly all chapters. Comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of the biology of all marine mammals Provides a phylogenetic framework that integrates phylogeny with behavior and ecology Features chapter summaries, further readings, an appendix, glossary and an extensive bibliography Exciting new color photographs and additional distribution maps


Download Marine Environmental Biology and Conservation PDF

Marine Environmental Biology and Conservation

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Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
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ISBN 13 : 1449685293
Pages : 452 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (685 downloads)

Download Marine Environmental Biology and Conservation PDF Format Full Free by Daniel Beckman and published by Jones & Bartlett Publishers. This book was released on 2012-02-15 with total page 452 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Marine Environmental Biology and Conservation provides an introduction to the environmental and anthropogenic threats facing the world s oceans, and outlines the steps that can and should be taken to protect these vital habitats. It begins with a brief overview of the essentials of marine biology and oceanography necessary to understand the conservation material. The book then moves through the different habitats in the marine environment, such as coastal ecosystems, the open ocean, and the deep sea, exploring the organisms that live there, and what conservation dangers and solutions affect these areas."


Download Wildlife Review PDF

Wildlife Review

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ISBN 13 :
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Wildlife Review PDF Format Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 1991 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: