Download Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal PDF

Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
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ISBN 13 : 023112919X
Pages : 372 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (129 downloads)

Download Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal PDF Format Full Free by Rachel Fell McDermott and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2011 with total page 372 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Annually during the months of autumn, Bengal hosts three interlinked festivals to honor its most important goddesses: Durga, Kali, and Jagaddhatri. While each of these deities possesses a distinct iconography, myth, and character, they are all martial. Durga, Kali, and Jagaddhatri often demand blood sacrifice as part of their worship and offer material and spiritual benefits to their votaries. Richly represented in straw, clay, paint, and decoration, they are similarly displayed in elaborately festooned temples, thronged by thousands of admirers. The first book to recount the history of these festivals and their revelry, rivalry, and nostalgic power, this volume marks an unprecedented achievement in the mapping of a major public event. Rachel Fell McDermott describes the festivals' origins and growth under British rule. She identifies their iconographic conventions and carnivalesque qualities and their relationship to the fierce, Tantric sides of ritual practice. McDermott confronts controversies over the tradition of blood sacrifice and the status-seekers who compete for symbolic capital. Expanding her narrative, she takes readers beyond Bengal's borders to trace the transformation of the goddesses and their festivals across the world. McDermott's work underscores the role of holidays in cultural memory, specifically the Bengali evocation of an ideal, culturally rich past. Under the thrall of the goddess, the social, political, economic, and religious identity of Bengalis takes shape.


Download The Changing World of Caste and Hierarchy in Bengal PDF

The Changing World of Caste and Hierarchy in Bengal

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN 13 : 1000641430
Pages : 316 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (641 downloads)

Download The Changing World of Caste and Hierarchy in Bengal PDF Format Full Free by Sudarshana Bhaumik and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-08-26 with total page 316 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book challenges the prevalent assumptions of caste, hierarchy and social mobility in pre-colonial and colonial Bengal. It studies the writings of colonial ethnographers, Orientalist scholars, Christian missionaries and pre-colonial literary texts like the Mangalkavyas to show how the concept of caste emerged and argues that the jati order in Bengal was far from being a rigidly reified structure, but one which had room for spatial and social mobility. The volume highlights the processes through which popular myths and beliefs of the lower caste orders of Bengal were Sanskritized. It delineates the linkages between sedantized peasant culture and the emergence of new agricultural castes in colonial Bengal. Moreover, the author discusses a wide spectrum of issues like marginality and hierarchy, the spread of Brahmanical hegemony, the creation of deities and the process of Sanskritization, popular Saivism, the cult of Manasa in Bengal and the revolt of 1857 and the caste question. Rich in archival sources, this book will be an essential read for scholars and researchers of colonial history, Indian history, political sociology, caste studies, exclusion studies, cultural studies, social history, cultural history and South Asian studies, especially those interested in undivided Bengal.


Download The Making of Goddess Durga in Bengal: Art, Heritage and the Public PDF

The Making of Goddess Durga in Bengal: Art, Heritage and the Public

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 9811602638
Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (62 downloads)

Download The Making of Goddess Durga in Bengal: Art, Heritage and the Public PDF Format Full Free by Samir Kumar Das and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-05-21 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the making of the Goddess Durga both as an art and as part of the intangible heritage of Bengal. As the ‘original site of production’ of unbaked clay idols of the Hindu Goddess Durga and other Gods and Goddesses, Kumartuli remains at the centre of such art and heritage. The art and heritage of Kumartuli have been facing challenges in a rapidly globalizing world that demands constant redefinition of ‘art’ with the invasion of market forces and migration of idol makers. As such, the book includes chapters on the evolution of idols, iconographic transformations, popular culture and how the public is constituted by the production and consumption of the works of art and heritage and finally the continuous shaping and reshaping of urban imaginaries and contestations over public space. It also investigates the caste group of Kumbhakars (Kumars or the idol makers), reflecting on the complex relation between inherited skill and artistry. Further, it explores how the social construction of art as ‘art’ introduces a tangled web of power asymmetries between ‘art’ and ‘craft’, between an ‘artist’ and an ‘artisan’, and between ‘appreciation’ and ‘consumption’, along with their implications for the articulation of market in particular and social relations in general. Since little has been written on this heritage hub beyond popular pamphlets, documents on town planning and travelogues, the book, written by authors from various fields, opens up cross-disciplinary conversations, situating itself at the interface between art history, sociology of aesthetics, politics and government, social history, cultural studies, social anthropology and archaeology. The book is aimed at a wide readership, including students, scholars, town planners, heritage preservationists, lawmakers and readers interested in heritage in general and Kumartuli in particular.


Download Reciting the Goddess PDF

Reciting the Goddess

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190844558
Pages : 192 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (844 downloads)

Download Reciting the Goddess PDF Format Full Free by Jessica Vantine Birkenholtz and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-03-01 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Reciting the Goddess presents the first critical study of the Svasthanivratakatha (SVK), a sixteenth-century Hindu narrative textual tradition. The extensive SVK manuscript tradition offers a rare opportunity to observe the making of a specific, distinct Hindu religious tradition. Jessica Vantine Birkenholtz argues that the SVK serves as a lens through which we can observe the creation of modern 'Hinduism' in the Himalayas, as the text both mirrored and informed key moments in the self-conscious creation of Nepal as the 'world's only Hindu kingdom' in the late medieval and early modern period. Birkenholtz mines the literary historiography that is contained within the SVK text itself, chronicling the text's literary and narrative development as well as the development of the Svasthani goddess tradition. She outlines the process whereby the SVK gradually transformed into a Purana text, and became a critical source for Nepali Hindu belief and identity. She also examines the elusive character of the goddess Svasthani whose identity is tied to the pan-Hindu goddess tradition, and the representation of women in the SVK and the ways in which the text influenced local and regional debates on the ideal of Hindu womanhood. Reciting the Goddess presents Nepal's celebrated SVK as a micro-level illustration of the powerful ways in which people, place, and literature intersect to produce new ideas and concepts of identity and place, even in a historically non-literate culture.


Download Historical Dictionary of the Bengalis PDF

Historical Dictionary of the Bengalis

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Publisher : Scarecrow Press
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ISBN 13 : 0810880245
Pages : 604 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (88 downloads)

Download Historical Dictionary of the Bengalis PDF Format Full Free by Kunal Chakrabarti and published by Scarecrow Press. This book was released on 2013-08-22 with total page 604 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Historical Dictionary of the Bengalis provides an overview of the Bengalis across the world from the earliest Chalcolithic cultures to the present. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 750 cross-referenced dictionary entries on politicians, educators and entrepreneurs, leaders of religious and secular institutions, writers, painters, actors and other cultural figures, and more generally, on the economy, education, political parties, religions, women and minorities, literature, art and architecture, music, cinema and other major sectors. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Bengalis.


Download Nine Nights of the Goddess PDF

Nine Nights of the Goddess

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Publisher : SUNY Press
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ISBN 13 : 143847069X
Pages : 374 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (47 downloads)

Download Nine Nights of the Goddess PDF Format Full Free by Caleb Simmons and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 2018-08-01 with total page 374 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Explores the contemporary nature and the diverse narratives, rituals, and performances of the Navarātri festival. Nine Nights of the Goddess explores the festival of Navarātri—alternatively called Navarātra, Mahānavamī, Durgā Pūjā, Dasarā, and/or Dassain—which lasts for nine nights and ends with a celebration called Vijayadaśamī, or “the tenth (day) of victory.” Celebrated in both massive public venues and in small, private domestic spaces, Navarātri is one of the most important and ubiquitous festivals in South Asia and wherever South Asians have settled. These festivals share many elements, including the goddess, royal power, the killing of demons, and the worship of young girls and married women, but their interpretation and performance vary widely. This interdisciplinary collection of essays investigates Navarātri in its many manifestations and across historical periods, including celebrations in West Bengal, Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Nepal. Collectively, the essays consider the role of the festival’s contextual specificity and continental ubiquity as a central component for understanding South Asian religious life, as well as how it shapes and is shaped by political patronage, economic development, and social status. “This is a unique collection of marvelously diverse perspectives on one of the most prominent contemporary Hindu festivals. Even those who know much about Durgā Pūjā should prepare to be fascinated by the work of these scholars.” — Patricia Dold, Memorial University


Download The Many Faces of a Himalayan Goddess PDF

The Many Faces of a Himalayan Goddess

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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190913584
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (913 downloads)

Download The Many Faces of a Himalayan Goddess PDF Format Full Free by Ehud Halperin and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2019 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "This book offers a portrait of Haḍimbā, a primary village goddess in the Kullu Valley of the West Indian Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, a rural area known as the Land of God. Drawing on diverse ethnographic and textual materials The Many Faces of a Himalayan Goddess is rich with myths and tales, accounts of dramatic rituals and festivals, and descriptions of everyday life in the celebrated but remote Kullu Valley. The book portrays the goddess in varying contexts that radiate outward from her temple to local, regional, national, and indeed global spheres. The result is an important contribution to the study of Indian village goddesses, lived Hinduism, Himalayan Hinduism, and the rapidly growing field of religion and ecology"--


Download Women’s Authority and Leadership in a Hindu Goddess Tradition PDF

Women’s Authority and Leadership in a Hindu Goddess Tradition

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1137589094
Pages : 327 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (589 downloads)

Download Women’s Authority and Leadership in a Hindu Goddess Tradition PDF Format Full Free by Nanette R. Spina and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-02-28 with total page 327 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book investigates women’s ritual authority and the common boundaries between religion and notions of gender, ethnicity, and identity. Nanette R. Spina situates her study within the transnational Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi movement established by the Tamil Indian guru, Bangaru Adigalar. One of the most prominent, defining elements of this tradition is that women are privileged with positions of leadership and ritual authority. This represents an extraordinary shift from orthodox tradition in which religious authority has been the exclusive domain of male Brahmin priests. Presenting historical and contemporary perspectives on the transnational Adhiparasakthi organization, Spina analyzes women’s roles and means of expression within the tradition. The book takes a close look at the Adhiparasakthi society in Toronto, Canada (a Hindu community in both its transnational and diasporic dimensions), and how this Canadian temple has both shaped and demonstrated their own diasporic Hindu identity. The Toronto Adhiparasakthi society illustrates how Goddess theology, women's ritual authority, and “inclusivity” ethics have dynamically shaped the identity of this prominent movement overseas. Based on years of ethnographic fieldwork, the volume draws the reader into the rich textures of culture, community, and ritual life with the Goddess.


Download Nine Nights of Power PDF

Nine Nights of Power

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Publisher : SUNY Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1438484089
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (484 downloads)

Download Nine Nights of Power PDF Format Full Free by Ute Hüsken and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 2021-09-01 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Explores the rich diversity of narratives, rituals, and participants connected with one of the most important celebrations for Hindus in South Asia and in the diaspora. The autumnal Navarātri festival—also called Durgā Pūjā, Dassehra, or Dasain—is the most important Hindu festival in South Asia and wherever Hindus settle. A nine-night-long celebration in honor of the goddess Durgā, it ends on the tenth day with a celebration called "the victorious tenth" (vijayadaśamī). The rituals that take place in domestic, royal, and public spaces are closely connected with one's station in life and dependent on social status, economic class, caste, and gender issues. Exploring different aspects of the festival as celebrated in diverse regions of South Asia and in the South Asian diaspora, this book addresses the following common questions: What does this festival do? What does it achieve, and how? Why and in what way does it sometimes fail? How do mass communication and social media increase participation in and contribute to the changing nature of the festival? The contributors address these questions from multiple perspectives and discuss issues of agency, authority, ritual efficacy, change, appropriation, and adaptation. Because of the festival's reach beyond its diverse celebrations in South Asia, its influence can be seen in the rituals and dances in many parts of Western Europe and North America. Ute Hüsken is Professor and Head of the Department of Cultural and Religious History of South Asia at the South Asia Institute at Heidelberg University, Germany. Her books include The Ambivalence of Denial: Danger and Appeal of Rituals (coedited with Udo Simon). Vasudha Narayanan is Distinguished Professor of Religion and Director of the Center for the Study of Hindu Traditions at the University of Florida. Her books include The Life of Hinduism (coedited with John Stratton Hawley). Astrid Zotter is researcher at Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Germany. Her books include Hindu and Buddhist Initiations in India and Nepal (coedited with Christof Zotter).


Download Making Kantha, Making Home PDF

Making Kantha, Making Home

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Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0295747005
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (747 downloads)

Download Making Kantha, Making Home PDF Format Full Free by Pika Ghosh and published by University of Washington Press. This book was released on 2020-09-18 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Bengal, mothers swaddle their infants and cover their beds in colorful textiles that are passed down through generations. They create these kantha from layers of soft, recycled fabric strengthened with running stitches and use them as shawls, covers, and seating mats. Making Kantha, Making Home explores the social worlds shaped by the Bengali kantha that survive from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In the first study of colonial-period women’s embroidery that situates these objects historically and socially, Pika Ghosh brings technique and aesthetic choices into discussion with iconography and regional culture. Ghosh uses ethnographic and archival research, inscriptions, and images to locate embroiderers’ work within domestic networks and to show how imagery from poetry, drama, prints, and watercolors expresses kantha artists’ visual literacy. Affinities with older textile practices include the region’s lucrative maritime trade in embroideries with Europe, Africa, and China. This appraisal of individual objects alongside the people and stories behind the objects’ creation elevates kantha beyond consideration as mere handcraft to recognition as art.


Download Religious Diversity in Asia PDF

Religious Diversity in Asia

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Publisher : BRILL
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 9004415815
Pages : 348 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (415 downloads)

Download Religious Diversity in Asia PDF Format Full Free by Jørn Borup and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2019-10-01 with total page 348 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This anthology explores religious diversity in Asia seen through the lenses of history, identity, state, ritual and geography. The chapters furthermore address theoretical and methodological reflections using Asia as a laboratory for broader comparative research of 'religious diversity'.


Download Outrage PDF

Outrage

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Publisher : UCL Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1787355284
Pages : 280 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (355 downloads)

Download Outrage PDF Format Full Free by Paul Rollier and published by UCL Press. This book was released on 2019-10 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Whether spurred by religious images or academic history books, hardly a day goes by in South Asia without an incident or court case occurring as a result of hurt religious feelings. The sharp rise in blasphemy accusations over the past few decades calls for an investigation into why offence politics has become so pronounced, and why it is observable across religious and political differences. Outrage offers an interdisciplinary study of this growing trend. Bringing together researchers in Anthropology, Religious Studies, Languages, South Asia Studies and History, all with rich experience in the variegated ways in which religion and politics intersect in this region, the volume presents a fine-grained analysis that navigates and unpacks the religious sensitivities and political concerns under discussion. Each chapter focuses on a recent case or context of alleged blasphemy or desecration in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar, collectively exploring common denominators across national and religious differences. Among the common features are the rapid introduction of social media and smartphones, the possible political gains of initiating blasphemy accusations, and the growing self-assertion of marginal communities. These features are turning South Asia into a veritable flash point for offence controversies in the world today, and will be of interest to researchers exploring the intersection of religion and politics in South Asia and beyond.


Download Dharma and Halacha PDF

Dharma and Halacha

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1498512801
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (512 downloads)

Download Dharma and Halacha PDF Format Full Free by Ithamar Theodor and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2018-08-15 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work provides an anthology of close textual readings and examinations of a wide range of topics by leading scholars in interreligious scholarship and Hindu-Jewish dialogue, offering innovative approaches to categories such as ritual, sacrifice, ethics, and theology while underscoring affinities between Hindu and Jewish philosophy and religion


Download Hindu Approaches to Spiritual Care PDF

Hindu Approaches to Spiritual Care

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Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1785926063
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (926 downloads)

Download Hindu Approaches to Spiritual Care PDF Format Full Free by Lucinda Mosher and published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers. This book was released on 2019-10-21 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Showing how spiritual care is practiced in a variety of different contexts such as healthcare, detention and higher education, as well as settings that may not have formal chaplaincy arrangements, this book offers an original and unique resource for Hindu chaplains to understand and practice spiritual care in a way that is authentic to their own tradition and that meets the needs of Hindus. It offers a Hindu perspective for all chaplains to inform their caregiving to Hindus. The book explores the theological and metaphysical roots of Hindu chaplaincy and puts forward the case for Hindu chaplaincy as a valuable spiritual practice. It covers the issues that arise in specific locations, such as college, healthcare, prison, military and the corporate sector. Chapters also examine Hindu pastoral care offered in other, 'non-chaplaincy' settings, such as LGBT centres, social justice work and environmental activism. Made up of some 30 essays by chaplains, scholars and other important voices in the field, Hindu Approaches to Spiritual Care provides spiritual caregivers with a comprehensive theoretical and practical approach to the relationship of Hinduism and chaplaincy.


Download The Goddess and the King in Indian Myth PDF

The Goddess and the King in Indian Myth

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0429880685
Pages : 178 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (88 downloads)

Download The Goddess and the King in Indian Myth PDF Format Full Free by Raj Balkaran and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-07-27 with total page 178 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Sanskrit narrative text Devī Māhātmya, “The Greatness of The Goddess,” extols the triumphs of an all-powerful Goddess, Durgā, over universe-imperiling demons. These exploits are embedded in an intriguing frame narrative: a deposed king solicits the counsel of a forest-dwelling ascetic, who narrates the tripartite acts of Durgā which comprise the main body of the text. It is a centrally important early text about the Great Goddess, which has significance to the broader field of Purāṇic Studies. This book analyzes the Devī Māhātmya and argues that its frame narrative cleverly engages a dichotomy at the heart of Hinduism: the opposing ideals of asceticism and kingship. These ideals comprise two strands of what is referred to herein as the dharmic double helix. It decodes the symbolism of encounters between forest hermits and exiled kings through the lens of the dharmic double helix, demonstrating the extent to which this common narrative trope masterfully encodes the ambivalence of brāhmaṇic ideology. Engaging the tension between the moral necessity for nonviolence and the sociopolitical necessity for violence, the book deconstructs the ideological ambivalence throughout the Devī Māhātmya to demonstrate that its frame narrative invariably sheds light on its core content. Its very structure serves to emphasize a theme that prevails throughout the text, one inalienable to the rubric of the episodes themselves: sovereignty on both cosmic and mundane scales. The book sheds new light on the content of the Devī Māhātmya and contextualizes it within the framework of important debates within early Hinduism. It will be of interest to academics in the fields of Asian Religion, Hindu Studies, Goddess Studies, South Asian Studies, Narrative Studies and comparative literature.


Download A Hygienic City-Nation: Space, Community, and Everyday Life in Calcutta’s Paras (1860–1945) PDF

A Hygienic City-Nation: Space, Community, and Everyday Life in Calcutta’s Paras (1860–1945)

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1108489893
Pages : 250 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (489 downloads)

Download A Hygienic City-Nation: Space, Community, and Everyday Life in Calcutta’s Paras (1860–1945) PDF Format Full Free by Nabaparna Ghosh and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-06-30 with total page 250 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers an on-the-ground view of colonial Calcutta's neighbourhoods, where kinship-like ties shaped urban space and resisted city-making efforts of the state.


Download The Hindu Tantric World PDF

The Hindu Tantric World

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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 022642409X
Pages : 237 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (424 downloads)

Download The Hindu Tantric World PDF Format Full Free by André Padoux and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2017-03-07 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Tantra is a tantalizing tradition. The body and complex esoteric (sometime sexual) rituals are as essential to Tantra as mysticism and sacred meditation. But Tantra, in Andre Padoux s estimation, is far from being a marginal sect. It is rather a core part of Hindu philosophy. In Part One of the book, Padoux introduces the history of Tantra, its origins, its foundational texts, and its major beliefs. Part Two has chapters on the Tantric body, sex, mantras, ritual, mysticism, sacred geography, and iconography. The final section explores Tantra today, both in India and in the West. This book, a comprehensive introduction to Tantra by the world s leading expert in the field, will appeal to students, specialists, and anyone interested in the ideas that have shaped the Hindu Tantric worldview."