Download The Bioarchaeology of Social Control PDF

The Bioarchaeology of Social Control

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 13 : 3319595164
Pages : 172 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (595 downloads)

Download The Bioarchaeology of Social Control PDF Format Full Free by Ryan P. Harrod and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-09-20 with total page 172 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Taking a bioarchaeological approach, this book examines the Ancestral Pueblo culture living in the Four Corners region of the United States during the late Pueblo I through the end of the Pueblo III period (AD 850-1300). During this time, a vast system of pueblo villages spread throughout the region creating what has been called the Chaco Phenomenon, named after the large great houses in Chaco Canyon that are thought to have been centers of control. Through a bioarchaeological analysis of the human skeletal remains, this volume provides evidence that key individuals within the hierarchical social structure used a variety of methods of social control, including structural violence, to maintain their power over the interconnected communities.


Download The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Climate and Environmental Change PDF

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Climate and Environmental Change

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 13 : 1351030442
Pages : 552 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (3 downloads)

Download The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Climate and Environmental Change PDF Format Full Free by Gwen Robbins Schug and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-10-27 with total page 552 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook examines human responses to climatic and environmental changes in the past,and their impacts on disease patterns, nutritional status, migration, and interpersonal violence. Bioarchaeology—the study of archaeological human skeletons—provides direct evidence of the human experience of past climate and environmental changes and serves as an important complement to paleoclimate, historical, and archaeological approaches to changes we may expect with global warming. Comprising 27 chapters from experts across a broad range of time periods and geographical regions, this book addresses hypotheses about how climate and environmental changes impact human health and well-being, factors that promote resilience, and circumstances that make migration or interpersonal violence a more likely outcome. The volume highlights the potential relevance of bioarchaeological analysis to contemporary challenges by organizing the chapters into a framework outlined by the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Planning for a warmer world requires knowledge about humans as biological organisms with a deep connection to Earth's ecosystems balanced by an appreciation of how historical and socio-cultural circumstances, socioeconomic inequality, degrees of urbanization, community mobility, and social institutions play a role in shaping long-term outcomes for human communities. Containing a wealth of nuanced perspectives about human-environmental relations, book is key reading for students of environmental archaeology, bioarchaeology, and the history of disease. By providing a longer view of contemporary challenges, it may also interest readers in public health, public policy, and planning.


Download The Bioarchaeology of Urbanization PDF

The Bioarchaeology of Urbanization

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 13 : 3030534170
Pages : 538 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (534 downloads)

Download The Bioarchaeology of Urbanization PDF Format Full Free by Tracy K. Betsinger and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-11-05 with total page 538 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Urbanization has long been a focus of bioarchaeological research, but what is missing from the literature is an exploration of the geographic and temporal range of human biological, demographic, and sociocultural responses to this major shift in settlement pattern. Urbanization is characterized by increased population size and density, and is frequently assumed to produce negative biological effects. However, the relationship between urbanization and human “health” requires careful examination given the heterogeneity that exists within and between urban contexts. Studies of contemporary urbanization have found both positive and negative outcomes, which likely have parallels in past human societies. This volume is unique as there is no current bioarchaeological book addressing urbanization, despite various studies of urbanization having been conducted. Collectively, this volume provides a more holistic understanding of the relationships between urbanization and various aspects of human population health. The insight gained from this volume will provide not only a better understanding of urbanization in our past, but it will also have potential implications for those studying urbanization in contemporary communities.


Download Bioarchaeology PDF

Bioarchaeology

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1351061097
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (61 downloads)

Download Bioarchaeology PDF Format Full Free by Mark Q. Sutton and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-11-16 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bioarchaeology covers the history and general theory of the field plus the recovery and laboratory treatment of human remains. Bioarchaeology is the study of human remains in context from an archaeological and anthropological perspective. The book explores, through numerous case studies, how the ways a society deals with their dead can reveal a great deal about that society, including its religious, political, economic, and social organizations. It details recovery methods and how, once recovered, human remains can be analyzed to reveal details about the funerary system of the subject society and inform on a variety of other issues, such as health, demography, disease, workloads, mobility, sex and gender, and migration. Finally, the book highlights how bioarchaeological techniques can be used in contemporary forensic settings and in investigations of genocide and war crimes. In Bioarchaeology, theories, principles, and scientific techniques are laid out in a clear, understandable way, and students of archaeology at undergraduate and graduate levels will find this an excellent guide to the field.


Download Purposeful Pain PDF

Purposeful Pain

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Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3030321819
Pages : 271 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (321 downloads)

Download Purposeful Pain PDF Format Full Free by Susan Guise Sheridan and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-01-03 with total page 271 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Pain is an evolutionary and adaptive mechanism to prevent harm to an individual. Beyond this, how it is defined, expressed, and borne is dictated culturally. Thus, the study of pain requires a holistic approach crossing cultures, disciplines, and time. This volume explores how and why pain-inducing behaviors are selected, including their potential to demonstrate individuality, navigate social hierarchies, and express commitment to an ideal. It also explores how power dynamics affect individual choice, at times requiring self-induced suffering. Taking bioanthropological and bioarchaeological approaches, this volume focuses on those who purposefully seek pain to show that, while often viewed as “exotic,” the pervasiveness of pain-inducing practices is more normative than expected. Theory and practice are employed to re-conceptualize pain as a strategic path towards achieving broader individual and societal goals. Past and present motivations for self-inflicted pain, its socio-political repercussions, and the physical manifestations of repetitive or long-term pain inducing behaviors are examined. Chapters span geographic and temporal boundaries and a wide variety of activities to illustrate how purposeful pain is used by individuals for personal expression and manipulated by political powers to maintain the status quo. This volume reveals how bioarchaeology illuminates paleopathology, how social theory enhances bioarchaeology, and how ethnography benefits from a longer temporal perspective.


Download Engaged Archaeology in the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico PDF

Engaged Archaeology in the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico

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Publisher : University Press of Colorado
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ISBN 13 : 164642171X
Pages : 341 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (421 downloads)

Download Engaged Archaeology in the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico PDF Format Full Free by Kelley A. Hays-Gilpin and published by University Press of Colorado. This book was released on 2021-07-01 with total page 341 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume of proceedings from the fifteenth biennial Southwest Symposium makes the case for engaged archaeology, an approach that considers scientific data and traditional Indigenous knowledge alongside archaeological theories and methodologies. Focusing on the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, the contributors show what can be gained when archaeologists engage with Indigenous communities and natural scientists: improved contemporary archaeological practice through better understandings of heritage and identity, anthropogenic landscapes, and societal potential for resilience. Organized around the theme of interdisciplinary perspectives, the book highlights collaborations with those who have other ways of knowing the past, from the traditional and proprietary knowledge of communities to new scientific methods, and considers the social context of archaeological practice and the modern relationships that inform interpretations of the past. Chapters show how cutting-edge practices lead to new archaeological understandings when archaeologists work in partnership with descendant and stakeholder communities and across international and disciplinary borders. Authors work across anthropological subfields and with the sciences, demonstrating that anthropological archaeology’s methods are starting points for investigation that allow for the expansion of understanding by incorporating long-remembered histories with innovative analytic methods. Engaged Archaeology in the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico identifies current and near-future trends in archaeological practice in the US Southwest and northwestern Mexico, including repatriation, community engagement, and cross-disciplinary approaches, and focuses on Native American archaeologists and their communities, research, collaborations, and interests. It will be of interest to archaeologists and anthropologists working in the Southwest and to any researchers interested in interdisciplinary approaches to archaeology, heritage studies, and the natural sciences. Contributors: Christopher Caseldine, Chip Colwell, Guillermo Córdova Tello, Patrick Cruz, T. J. Ferguson, Cécile R. Ganteaume, Vernelda Grant, Neysa Grider-Potter, Christopher Grivas, Michael Heilen, Jane H. Hill, Leigh J. Kuwanwisiwma, Teresita Majewski, Debra L. Martin, Estela Martínez Mora, John A. McClelland, Emiliano Ricardo Melgar Tísoc, Darsita R. North, Scott Ortman, Peter J. Pilles Jr., Susan Sekaquaptewa, Arleyn W. Simon, Kimberly Spurr, Sarah Striker, Kerry F. Thompson, John A. Ware, Peter M. Whiteley, Lisa C. Young


Download Social Bioarchaeology PDF

Social Bioarchaeology

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 13 : 9781444390520
Pages : 496 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (444 downloads)

Download Social Bioarchaeology PDF Format Full Free by Sabrina C. Agarwal and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2011-03-21 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world


Download The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence PDF

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence

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Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3030464407
Pages : 284 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (464 downloads)

Download The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence PDF Format Full Free by Lori A. Tremblay and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-08-27 with total page 284 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is a resource for bioarchaeologists interested in using a structural violence framework to better understand and contextualize the lived experiences of past populations. One of the most important elements of bioarchaeological research is the study of health disparities in past populations. This book offers an analysis of such work, but with the benefit of an overarching theoretical framework. It examines the theoretical framework used by scholars in cultural and medical anthropology to explore how social, political, and/or socioeconomic structures and institutions create inequalities resulting in health disparities for the most vulnerable or marginalized segments of contemporary populations. It then takes this framework and shows how it can allow researchers in bioarchaeology to interpret such socio-cultural factors through analyzing human skeletal remains of past populations. The book discusses the framework and its applications based on two main themes: the structural violence of gender inequality and the structural violence of social and socioeconomic inequalities.


Download The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict PDF

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 13 : 1134677979
Pages : 706 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (677 downloads)

Download The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict PDF Format Full Free by Christopher Knüsel and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-12-17 with total page 706 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.


Download Theorizing Bioarchaeology PDF

Theorizing Bioarchaeology

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Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3030707040
Pages : 150 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (77 downloads)

Download Theorizing Bioarchaeology PDF Format Full Free by Pamela L. Geller and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-08-01 with total page 150 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bioarchaeology has relied on Darwinian perspectives and biocultural models to communicate information about the lives of past peoples. This book demonstrates how further theoretical expansion—a thoughtful engagement with critical social theorizing—can contribute insightful and more ethical outcomes. To do so, it focuses on social theoretical concepts of pertinence to bioarchaeological studies: habitus, the normal, intersectionality, necropolitics, and bioethos. These concepts can deepen study of plasticity, disease, gender, violence, and race and ethnicity, as well as advance the field’s decolonization efforts. This book also works to overcome the challenges presented by dense social theorizing, which has paid little attention to real bodies. It historicizes, explains, and adapts concepts, as well as discusses archaeological, historic, and contemporary case studies from around the world. Theorizing Bioarchaeology is intended for individuals who may have initially dismissed social theorizing as postmodern but now acknowledge this characterization as oversimplified. It is for readers who foster curiosity about bioarchaeology’s contradictions and common sense. The ideas contained in these pages may also be of use to students who know that it is naive at best and myopic at worst to presume data derived from bodies speak for themselves.


Download The Archaeology of Slavery PDF

The Archaeology of Slavery

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Publisher : SIU Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 080933397X
Pages : 414 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (333 downloads)

Download The Archaeology of Slavery PDF Format Full Free by Lydia Wilson Marshall and published by SIU Press. This book was released on 2014-12-12 with total page 414 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Archaeology of Slavery grapples with both the benefits and complications of a comparative approach to the archaeology of slavery. Contributors from different archaeological subfields, including American, African, prehistoric, and historical, consider how to define slavery, identify it in the archaeological record, and study slavery as a diachronic process that covers enslavement to emancipation and beyond. Themes include how to define slavery, how to identify slavery archaeologically, enslavement and emancipation, and the politics and ethics of slavery-related research.


Download Bioarchaeology of Women and Children in Times of War PDF

Bioarchaeology of Women and Children in Times of War

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 331948396X
Pages : 187 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (483 downloads)

Download Bioarchaeology of Women and Children in Times of War PDF Format Full Free by Debra L. Martin and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-02-06 with total page 187 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume will examine the varied roles that women and children play in period of warfare, which in most cases deviate from their perceived role as noncombatants. Using social theory about the nature of sex, gender and age in thinking about vulnerabilities to different groups during warfare, this collection of studies focuses on the broader impacts of war both during warfare but also long after the conflict is over. The volume will show that during periods of violence and warfare, many suffer beyond those individuals directly involved in battle. From pre-Hispanic Peru to Ming dynasty Mongolia to the Civil War-era United States to the present, warfare has been and is a public health disaster, particularly for women and children. Individuals and populations suffer from displacement, sometimes permanently, due to loss of food and resources and an increased risk of contracting communicable diseases, which results from the poor conditions and tight spaces present in most refugee camps, ancient and modern. Bioarchaeology can provide a more nuanced lens through which to examine the effects of warfare on life, morbidity, and mortality, bringing individuals not traditionally considered by studies of warfare and prolonged violence into focus. Inclusion of these groups in discussions of warfare can increase our understanding of not only the biological but also the social meaning and costs of warfare.


Download Bioarchaeology PDF

Bioarchaeology

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1461463785
Pages : 262 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (463 downloads)

Download Bioarchaeology PDF Format Full Free by Debra L. Martin and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-03-15 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bioarchaeology is the analysis of human remains within an interpretative framework that includes contextual information. This comprehensive and much-needed manual provides both a starting point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others working in this integrative field. The authors cover a range of bioarchaeological methods and theory including: Ethical issues involved in dealing with human remains Theoretical approaches in bioarchaeology Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis Lab and forensic techniques for skeletal analysis Best practices for excavation techniques Special applications in bioarchaeology With case studies from bioarchaeological research, the authors integrate theoretical and methodological discussion with a wide range of field studies from different geographic areas, time periods, and data types, to demonstrate the full scope of this important field of study.


Download Bioarchaeologists Speak Out PDF

Bioarchaeologists Speak Out

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3319930125
Pages : 334 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (93 downloads)

Download Bioarchaeologists Speak Out PDF Format Full Free by Jane E. Buikstra and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-10-26 with total page 334 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bioarchaeologists who study human remains in ancient, historic and contemporary settings are securely anchored within anthropology as anthropologists, yet they have not taken on the pundits the way other subdisciplines within anthropology have. Popular science authors frequently and selectively use bioarchaeological data on demography, disease, violence, migration and diet to buttress their poorly formed arguments about general trends in human behavior and health, beginning with our earliest ancestors. While bioarchaeologists are experts on these subjects, bioarchaeology and bioarchaeological approaches have largely remained invisible to the public eye. Current issues such as climate change, droughts, warfare, violence, famine, and the effects of disease are media mainstays and are subjects familiar to bioarchaeologists, many of whom have empirical data and informed viewpoints, both for topical exploration and also for predictions based on human behavior in deep time. The contributions in this volume will explore the how and where the data has been misused, present new ways of using evidence in the service of making new discoveries, and demonstrate ways that our long term interdisciplinarity lends itself to transdisciplinary wisdom. We also consider possible reasons for bioarchaeological invisibility and offer advice concerning the absolute necessity of bioarchaeologists speaking out through social media.


Download Bioarchaeology of Impairment and Disability PDF

Bioarchaeology of Impairment and Disability

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 331956949X
Pages : 292 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (569 downloads)

Download Bioarchaeology of Impairment and Disability PDF Format Full Free by Jennifer F. Byrnes and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-06-28 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over the years, impairment has been discussed in bioarchaeology, with some scholars providing carefully contextualized explanations for their causes and consequences. Such investigations typically take a case study approach and focus on the functional aspects of impairments. However, these interpretations are disconnected from disability theory discourse. Other social sciences and the humanities have far surpassed most of anthropology (with the exception of medical anthropology) in their integration of social theories of disability. This volume has three goals: The first goal of this edited volume is to present theoretical and methodological discussions on impairment and disability. The second goal of this volume is to emphasize the necessity of interdisciplinarity in discussions of impairment and disability within bioarchaeology. The third goal of the volume is to present various methodological approaches to quantifying impairment in skeletonized and mummified remains. This volume serves to engage scholars from many disciplines in our exploration of disability in the past, with particular emphasis on the bioarchaeological context.


Download The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives PDF

The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3319409956
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (49 downloads)

Download The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives PDF Format Full Free by Pamela L. Geller and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-07-28 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume uses bioarchaeological remains to examine the complexities and diversity of past socio-sexual lives. This book does not begin with the presumption that certain aspects of sex, gender, and sexuality are universal and longstanding. Rather, the case studies within—extend from Neolithic Europe to pre-Columbian Mesoamerica to the nineteenth-century United States—highlight the importance of culturally and historically contextualizing socio-sexual beliefs and practices. The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives highlights a major shortcoming in many scholarly and popular presentations of past socio-sexual lives. They reveal little about the ancient or historic group under study and much about Western society’s modern state of heteronormative affairs. To interrogate commonsensical thinking about socio-sexual identities and interactions, this volume draws from critical feminist and queer studies. Reciprocally, bioarchaeological studies extend social theorizing about sex, gender, and sexuality that emphasizes the modern, conceptual, and discursive. Ultimately, The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives invites readers to think more deeply about humanity’s diversity, the naturalization of culture, and the past’s presentation in mass-media communications.


Download Bioarchaeology of Climate Change and Violence PDF

Bioarchaeology of Climate Change and Violence

Author :
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1461492394
Pages : 75 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (492 downloads)

Download Bioarchaeology of Climate Change and Violence PDF Format Full Free by Ryan P. Harrod and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-11-12 with total page 75 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The goal of this monograph is to emphasize with empirical data the complexity of the relationship between climate change and violence. Bioarchaeology is the integration of human skeletal remains from ancient societies with the cultural and environmental context. Information on mortality, disease, diet and other factors provide important data to examine long chronologies of human existence, particularly during periods of droughts and life-threatening climate changes. Case studies are used to reconstruct the responses and short and long-term adaptations made by groups before, during and after dramatic changes in weather and climate. Interpersonal and group violence is also analyzed. The authors find that while in some cases there is an increase in trauma and violence, in other cases there is not. Human groups are capable of avoiding violent altercations and increasing broad networks of cooperation that help to mitigate the effects of climate change. A case study from the U.S. Southwest is provided that shows the variable and surprising ways that ancient farmers in the past dealt with long term droughts.