Download Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity PDF

Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190202408
Pages : 496 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (22 downloads)

Download Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity PDF Format Full Free by Archbishop Michael Bland Simmons and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2015-04-28 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study offers an in-depth examination of Porphyrian soteriology, or the concept of the salvation of the soul, in the thought of Porphyry of Tyre, whose significance for late antique thought is immense. Porphyry's concept of salvation is important for an understanding of those cataclysmic forces, not always theological, that helped convert the Roman Empire from paganism to Christianity. Porphyry, a disciple of Plotinus, was the last and greatest anti-Christian writer to vehemently attack the Church before the Constantinian revolution. His contribution to the pagan-Christian debate on universalism can thus shed light on the failure of paganism and the triumph of Christianity in late antiquity. In a broader historical and cultural context this study will address some of the issues central to the debate on universalism, in which Porphyry was passionately involved and which was becoming increasingly significant during the unprecedented series of economic, cultural, political, and military crises of the third century. As the author will argue, Porphyry may have failed to find one way of salvation for all humanity, he nonetheless arrived a hierarchical soteriology, something natural for a Neoplatonist, which resulted in an integrative religious and philosophical system. His system is examined in the context of other developing ideologies of universalism, during a period of unprecedented imperial crises, which were used by the emperors as an agent of political and religious unification. Christianity finally triumphed over its competitors owing to its being perceived to be the only universal salvation cult that was capable of bringing about this unification. In short, it won due to its unique universalist soteriology. By examining a rival to Christianity's concept of universal salvation, this book will be valuable to students and scholars of ancient philosophy, patristics, church history, and late antiquity.


Download Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity PDF

Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190272848
Pages : 536 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (272 downloads)

Download Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity PDF Format Full Free by Archbishop Michael Bland Simmons and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2015-05-26 with total page 536 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study offers an in-depth examination of Porphyrian soteriology, or the concept of the salvation of the soul, in the thought of Porphyry of Tyre, whose significance for late antique thought is immense. Porphyry's concept of salvation is important for an understanding of those cataclysmic forces, not always theological, that helped convert the Roman Empire from paganism to Christianity. Porphyry, a disciple of Plotinus, was the last and greatest anti-Christian writer to vehemently attack the Church before the Constantinian revolution. His contribution to the pagan-Christian debate on universalism can thus shed light on the failure of paganism and the triumph of Christianity in late antiquity. In a broader historical and cultural context this study will address some of the issues central to the debate on universalism, in which Porphyry was passionately involved and which was becoming increasingly significant during the unprecedented series of economic, cultural, political, and military crises of the third century. As the author will argue, Porphyry may have failed to find one way of salvation for all humanity, he nonetheless arrived a hierarchical soteriology, something natural for a Neoplatonist, which resulted in an integrative religious and philosophical system. His system is examined in the context of other developing ideologies of universalism, during a period of unprecedented imperial crises, which were used by the emperors as an agent of political and religious unification. Christianity finally triumphed over its competitors owing to its being perceived to be the only universal salvation cult that was capable of bringing about this unification. In short, it won due to its unique universalist soteriology. By examining a rival to Christianity's concept of universal salvation, this book will be valuable to students and scholars of ancient philosophy, patristics, church history, and late antiquity.


Download Poetry, Bible and Theology from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages PDF

Poetry, Bible and Theology from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 3110687224
Pages : 580 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (687 downloads)

Download Poetry, Bible and Theology from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages PDF Format Full Free by Michele Cutino and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2020-07-06 with total page 580 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Millennium transcends boundaries – between epochs and regions, and between disciplines. Like the Millennium-Jahrbuch, the journal Millennium-Studien pursues an international, interdisciplinary approach that cuts across historical eras. Composed of scholars from various disciplines, the editorial and advisory boards welcome submissions from a range of fields, including history, literary studies, art history, theology, and philosophy. Millennium-Studien also accepts manuscripts on Latin, Greek, and Oriental cultures. In addition to offering a forum for monographs and edited collections on diverse topics, Millennium-Studien publishes commentaries and editions. The journal primary accepts publications in German and English, but also considers submissions in French, Italian, and Spanish. If you want to submit a manuscript please send it to the editor from the most relevant discipline: Wolfram Brandes, Frankfurt (Byzantine Studies and Early Middle Ages): [email protected] Peter von Möllendorff, Gießen (Greek language and literature): [email protected] Dennis Pausch, Dresden (Latin language and literature): [email protected] Rene Pfeilschifter, Würzburg (Ancient History): [email protected] Karla Pollmann, Bristol (Early Christianity and Patristics): [email protected] All manuscript submissions will be reviewed by the editor and one outside specialist (single-blind peer review).


Download A Larger Hope?, Volume 1 PDF

A Larger Hope?, Volume 1

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Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1610978846
Pages : 314 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (978 downloads)

Download A Larger Hope?, Volume 1 PDF Format Full Free by Ilaria L. E. Ramelli and published by Wipf and Stock Publishers. This book was released on 2019-07-15 with total page 314 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the minds of some, universal salvation is a heretical idea that was imported into Christianity from pagan philosophies by Origen (c.185–253/4). Ilaria Ramelli argues that this picture is completely mistaken. She maintains that Christian theologians were the first people to proclaim that all will be saved and that their reasons for doing so were rooted in their faith in Christ. She demonstrates that, in fact, the idea of the final restoration of all creation (apokatastasis) was grounded upon the teachings of the Bible and the church’s beliefs about Jesus’ total triumph over sin, death, and evil through his incarnation, crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension. Ramelli traces the Christian roots of Origen’s teaching on apokatastasis. She argues that he was drawing on texts from Scripture and from various Christians who preceded him, theologians such as Bardaisan, Irenaeus, and Clement. She outlines Origen’s often-misunderstood theology in some detail and then follows the legacy of his Christian universalism through the centuries that followed. We are treated to explorations of Origenian universal salvation in a host of Christian disciples, including Athanasius, Didymus the Blind, the Cappadocian fathers, Evagrius, Maximus the Confessor, John Scotus Eriugena, and Julian of Norwich.


Download Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity, 350-450 PDF

Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity, 350-450

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190067276
Pages : 464 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (67 downloads)

Download Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity, 350-450 PDF Format Full Free by Maijastina Kahlos and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-11-13 with total page 464 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity reconsiders the religious history of the late Roman Empire, focusing on the shifting position of dissenting religious groups - conventionally called 'pagans' and 'heretics'. The period from the mid-fourth century until the mid-fifth century CE witnessed a significant transformation of late Roman society and a gradual shift from the world of polytheistic religions into the Christian Empire. This book challenges the many straightforward melodramatic narratives of the Christianisation of the Roman Empire, still prevalent both in academic research and in popular non-fiction works. Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity demonstrates that the narrative is much more nuanced than the simple Christian triumph over the classical world. It looks at everyday life, economic aspects, day-to-day practices, and conflicts of interest in the relations of religious groups. Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity addresses two aspects: rhetoric and realities, and consequently, delves into the interplay between the manifest ideologies and daily life found in late antique sources. It is a detailed analysis of selected themes and a close reading of selected texts, tracing key elements and developments in the treatment of dissident religious groups. The book focuses on specific themes, such as the limits of imperial legislation and ecclesiastical control, the end of sacrifices, and the label of magic. Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity examines the ways in which dissident religious groups were construed as religious outsiders, but also explores local rituals and beliefs in late Roman society as creative applications and expressions of the infinite range of human inventiveness.


Download The Qur'an and Late Antiquity PDF

The Qur'an and Late Antiquity

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0199928967
Pages : 848 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (928 downloads)

Download The Qur'an and Late Antiquity PDF Format Full Free by Angelika Neuwirth and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-02-19 with total page 848 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book, Angelika Neuwirth provides a new approach to understanding the founding text of Islam. Typical exegesis of the Qur'an treats the text teleologically, as a fait accompli finished text, or as a replica or summary of the Bible in Arabic. Instead Neuwirth approaches the Qur'an as the product of a specific community in the Late Antique Arabian peninsula, one which was exposed to the wider worlds of the Byzantine and Sasanian empires, and to the rich intellectual traditions of rabbinic Judaism, early Christianity, and Gnosticism. A central goal of the book is to eliminate the notion of the Qur'an as being a-historical. She argues that it is, in fact, highly aware of its place in late antiquity and is capable of yielding valuable historical information. By emphasizing the liturgical function of the Qur'an, Neuwirth allows readers to see the text as an evolving oral tradition within the community before it became collected and codified as a book. This analysis sheds much needed light on the development of the Qur'an's historical, theological, and political outlook. The book's final chapters analyze the relationship of the Qur'an to the Bible, to Arabic poetic traditions, and, more generally, to late antique culture and rhetorical forms. By providing a new introduction to the Qur'an, one that uniquely challenges current ideas about its emergence and development, The Qur'an and Late Antiquity bridges the gap between Eastern and Western approaches to this sacred text.


Download Christians in Conversation PDF

Christians in Conversation

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190915463
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (915 downloads)

Download Christians in Conversation PDF Format Full Free by Alberto Rigolio and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-02-18 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book addresses a particular and little-known form of writing, the prose dialogue, during the Late Antique period, when Christian authors adopted and transformed the dialogue form to suit the new needs of religious debate. Connected to, but departing from, the dialogues of Classical Antiquity, these new forms staged encounters between Christians and pagans, Jews, Manichaeans, and "heretical" fellow Christians. At times fiction, at others records of, or scripts for, actual debates, the dialogues give us a glimpse of Late Antique rhetoric as it was practiced and tell us about the theological arguments underpinning religious differences. By offering the first comprehensive analysis of Christian dialogues in Greek and Syriac from the earliest examples to the end of the sixth century CE, the present volume shows that Christian authors saw the dialogue form as a suitable vehicle for argument and apologetic in the context of religious controversy and argues that dialogues were intended as effective tools of opinion formation in Late Antique society. Most Christian dialogues are little studied, and often in isolation, but they vividly evoke the religious debates of the time and they embody the cultural conventions and refinements that Late Antique men and women expected from such debates.


Download Worshippers of the Gods PDF

Worshippers of the Gods

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190082461
Pages : 344 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (82 downloads)

Download Worshippers of the Gods PDF Format Full Free by Mattias P. Gassman and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-05-29 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Worshippers of the Gods tells how the Latin writers who witnessed the political and social rise of Christianity rethought the role of traditional religion in the empire and city of Rome. In parallel with the empire's legal Christianisation, it traces changing attitudes toward paganism from the last empire-wide persecution of Christians under the Tetrarchy to the removal of state funds from the Roman cults in the early 380s. Influential recent scholarship has seen Christian polemical literature-a crucial body of evidence for late antique polytheism-as an exercise in Christian identity-making. In response, Worshippers of the Gods argues that Lactantius, Firmicus Maternus, Ambrosiaster, and Ambrose offered substantive critiques of traditional religion shaped to their political circumstances and to the preoccupations of contemporary polytheists. By bringing together this polemical literature with imperial laws, pagan inscriptions, and the letters and papers of the senator Symmachus, Worshippers of the Gods reveals the changing horizons of Roman thought on traditional religion in the fourth century. Through its five interlocking case studies, it shows how key episodes in the Empire's religious history-the Tetrarchic persecution, Constantine's adoption of Christianity, the altar of Victory affair, and the 'disestablishment' of the Roman cults-shaped contemporary conceptions of polytheism. It also argues that the idea of a unified 'paganism', often seen as a capricious invention, actually arose as a Christian response to the eclectic, philosophical polytheism in vogue at Rome.


Download The Forgotten Reign of the Emperor Jovian (363-364) PDF

The Forgotten Reign of the Emperor Jovian (363-364)

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0197600700
Pages : 249 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (6 downloads)

Download The Forgotten Reign of the Emperor Jovian (363-364) PDF Format Full Free by Jan Willem Drijvers and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022 with total page 249 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "This book is the first modern scholarly monograph on the emperor Jovian (363-364). It offers a new assessment of his reign and argues that Jovian's reign was of more importance than assumed by most (ancient and modern) historians. This study argues that Jovian restored the Roman empire after the failed reign of Julian by returning to the policies of Constantius II and Constantine the Great. Jovian's general strategies were directed to get the Roman empire on its feet again militarily, administratively and religiously after the failed reign of his predecessor Julian (361-363) as well as to establish more peaceful relations with the Sasanid empire. For an emperor who ruled only eight months Jovian had an unexpected and surprising afterlife. The rarely studied and largely unknown Syriac Julian Romance offers a surprising and different perspective on person and reign of Jovian. In the Romance Jovian is presented as the ideal Christian emperor and a new Constantine. But the Romance is also an important source for Roman-Persian relations and the positioning of Syriac Christianity in the late antique world of Christendom"--


Download Rome's Holy Mountain PDF

Rome's Holy Mountain

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190492279
Pages : 305 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (492 downloads)

Download Rome's Holy Mountain PDF Format Full Free by Jason Moralee and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018 with total page 305 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Rome's Holy Mountain is the first book to chart the history of the Capitoline Hill in Late Antiquity, from the third to the seventh centuries CE. It investigates both the lived-in and dreamed-of realities of the hill in an era of fundamental political, religious, and social change" --


Download The Poetics of Late Latin Literature PDF

The Poetics of Late Latin Literature

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0199355630
Pages : 545 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (355 downloads)

Download The Poetics of Late Latin Literature PDF Format Full Free by Jaś Elsner and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 545 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For a host of reasons, traditionalist scholarship has failed to give a full and positive account of the formal, aesthetic and religious transformations of ancient poetics in Late Antiquity. This collection of new essays attempts to capture the vibrancy of the living ancient tradition reinventing itself in a new context in the hands of a series of great Latin writers of the fourth and fifth centuries AD.


Download Sacred Stimulus PDF

Sacred Stimulus

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190874651
Pages : 233 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (874 downloads)

Download Sacred Stimulus PDF Format Full Free by Galit Noga-Banai and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018 with total page 233 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How did early Christian Rome deal with the fact that Christ was never there? Sacred Stimulus is about the effect Jerusalem had on the formulation of Christian art in Rome during the fourth and fifth centuries. It deals with the visual Christianization of Rome from an almost neglected perspective: not in comparison to pagan art in Rome, not as reflecting the struggle with Constantinople, but rather as visual expressions of the idea of Jerusalem and its holy sites and traditions.


Download Jonas of Bobbio and the Legacy of Columbanus PDF

Jonas of Bobbio and the Legacy of Columbanus

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190858028
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (858 downloads)

Download Jonas of Bobbio and the Legacy of Columbanus PDF Format Full Free by Alexander O'Hara and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-06-01 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Jonas of Bobbio, writing in the mid seventh century, was not only a major Latin monastic author, but also an historical figure in his own right. Born in the ancient Roman town of Susa in the foothills of the Italian Alps, he became a monk of Bobbio, the monastery founded by the Irish exile Columbanus, soon after his death in 615. He became the archivist and personal assistant to successive Bobbio abbots, travelled to Rome to obtain the first papal privilege of immunity, and served as a missionary priest on the northern borderlands of the Frankish kingdom. He spent the rest of his life in Merovingian Gaul as abbot of the double monastic community of Marchiennes-Hamage, where he wrote his Life of Columbanus, one of the most influential works of early medieval hagiography. This book, the first major study devoted to Jonas of Bobbio, his corpus of three saints' Lives, and the Columbanian familia, explores the development of the Columbanian monastic network and its relationship to its founder. The Life of Columbanus was written following a period of crisis within the Columbanian familia and it was in response to this crisis that the Bobbio community in Lombard Italy commissioned Jonas to write the work. Alexander O'Hara presents the Life of Columbanus as a subtle and clever critique of the changes and crises that had taken place in the monastic communities since Columbanus's death. It also considers the life of Jonas as reflecting many of the changing political, cultural, and religious circumstances of the seventh century, and his writings as instrumental in shaping new concepts of sanctity and community. The result of the study is a unique perspective on the early medieval Age of Saints and the monastic and political worlds of Merovingian Gaul and Lombard Italy in the seventh century.


Download The Specter of the Jews PDF

The Specter of the Jews

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Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0520970772
Pages : 235 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (97 downloads)

Download The Specter of the Jews PDF Format Full Free by Ari Finkelstein and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 2018-11-06 with total page 235 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the generation after Constantine the Great elevated Christianity to a dominant position in the Roman Empire, his nephew, the Emperor Julian, sought to reinstate the old gods to their former place of prominence—in the face of intense opposition from the newly powerful Christian church. In early 363 c.e., while living in Syrian Antioch, Julian redoubled his efforts to hellenize the Roman Empire by turning to an unlikely source: the Jews. With a war against Persia on the horizon, Julian thought it crucial that all Romans propitiate the true gods and gain their favor through proper practice. To convince his people, he drew on Jews, whom he characterized as Judeans, using their scriptures, institutions, practices, and heroes sometimes as sources for his program and often as models to emulate. In The Specter of the Jews, Ari Finkelstein examines Julian’s writings and views on Jews as Judeans, a venerable group whose religious practices and values would help delegitimize Christianity and, surprisingly, shape a new imperial Hellenic pagan identity.


Download The Philosophy, Theology, and Rhetoric of Marius Victorinus PDF

The Philosophy, Theology, and Rhetoric of Marius Victorinus

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Publisher : SBL Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 1628375299
Pages : 593 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (375 downloads)

Download The Philosophy, Theology, and Rhetoric of Marius Victorinus PDF Format Full Free by Stephen A. Cooper and published by SBL Press. This book was released on 2022-10-07 with total page 593 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Pagan rhetor, (Neo-)Platonist philosopher, Christian theologian This collection of essays is devoted to the rhetoric, Neoplatonic philosophy, and Christian theology of Marius Victorinus, a mid-fourth-century professor of rhetoric and philosopher who converted to Christianity late in life. Scholars from eight different countries, some of whom have not previously published in English, reflect on debates about his writings and theological development. These topics include Victorinus's deployment of philosophical sources for trinitarian theology, possible connections in his work to Origen, Augustine, Plotinus, Porphyry, and Gnosticism, as well as his contributions to Latin rhetoric and dialectic. Contributors include Jan Dominik Bogataj, Michael Chase, Nello Cipriani, Stephen A. Cooper, Volker Henning Drecoll, Lenka Karfíková, Josef Lössl, Václav Němec, Thomas Riesenweber, Guadalupe Lopetegui Semperena, Miran Špelič, Chiara O. Tommasi, John D. Turner, and Florian Zacher. The chapters in this volume are of great interest to students of late antique philosophy, Christian theology, and Latin rhetoric.


Download Columbanus and the Peoples of Post-Roman Europe PDF

Columbanus and the Peoples of Post-Roman Europe

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190857978
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (857 downloads)

Download Columbanus and the Peoples of Post-Roman Europe PDF Format Full Free by Alexander O'Hara and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-04-11 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The period 550 to 750 was one in which monastic culture became more firmly entrenched in Western Europe. The role of monasteries and their relationship to the social world around them was transformed during this period as monastic institutions became more integrated in social and political power networks. This collected volume of essays focuses on one of the central figures in this process, the Irish ascetic exile and monastic founder, Columbanus (c. 550-615), his travels on the Continent, and the monastic network he and his Frankish disciples established in Merovingian Gaul and Lombard Italy. The post-Roman kingdoms through which Columbanus travelled and established his monastic foundations were made up of many different communities of peoples. As an outsider and immigrant, how did Columbanus and his communities interact with these peoples? How did they negotiate differences and what emerged from these encounters? How societies interact with outsiders can reveal the inner workings and social norms of that culture. This volume aims to explore further the strands of this vibrant contact and to consider all of the geographical spheres in which Columbanus and his monastic communities operated (Ireland, Merovingian Gaul, Alamannia, Lombard Italy) and the varieties of communities he and his successors came in contact with - whether they be royal, ecclesiastic, aristocratic, or grass-roots.


Download Hypatia PDF

Hypatia

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13 : 0190659149
Pages : 208 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (659 downloads)

Download Hypatia PDF Format Full Free by Edward J. Watts and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-02-01 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A philosopher, mathematician, and martyr, Hypatia is one of antiquity's best known female intellectuals. During the sixteen centuries following her murder, by a mob of Christians, Hypatia has been remembered in books, poems, plays, paintings, and films as a victim of religious intolerance whose death symbolized the end of the Classical world. But Hypatia was a person before she was a symbol. Her great skill in mathematics and philosophy redefined the intellectual life of her home city of Alexandria. Her talent as a teacher enabled her to assemble a circle of dedicated male students. Her devotion to public service made her a force for peace and good government in a city that struggled to maintain trust and cooperation between pagans and Christians. Despite these successes, Hypatia fought countless small battles to live the public and intellectual life that she wanted. This book rediscovers the life Hypatia led, the unique challenges she faced as a woman who succeeded spectacularly in a man's world, and the tragic story of the events that led to her tragic murder.